How to Become a Mentalist?

how to become a mentalist

Mentalism involves using one’s body language and the scientific study of psychology to predict and advise actions that others will take.

Learning how the mind works and perfecting the skill of deception is just the beginning of the never-ending path that is becoming a mentalist. 

Many famous mentalists have spoken about the complex regimen they kept up with before they became famous. This includes David Blaine, Keith Barry, Dynamo, and many more. 

Grab onto your seats because we’re about to embark on an adventure to answer the question, “How to become a mentalist?”

Who is a Mentalist?

A mentalist is someone who is a practitioner of mentalism. 

They use technical skills, psychological subtleties, misdirection, hypnosis, cold reading, and showmanship to do things that seem impossible, like reading minds, seeing the future, and moving objects with their minds. 

Mentalism is a type of magic, and people who do it use a variety of skills to amaze people. To get good at their art, they have to practice a lot and keep learning new ways to do things.

Types of Mentalists

There are no specific types of mentalists, but there are different types of mentalist performances. 

Most people who see mentalism for the first time are blown away by it and change their lives because of it. Their main belief is that mind reading is all that mentalism is. 

But there’s a lot more to mentalism than just mind-reading tricks, as listed below.

  1. Mind Reading
  2. Memory Feats
  3. Predictions (Precognition)
  4. Telepathy
  5. Mediumship
  6. Telekinesis (Psychokinesis)
  7. Clairvoyance
  8. Divination
  9. Hypnosis
  10. Mind Control
  11. Rapid Mathematics
  12. Deduction

Skills Required to Become a Mentalist

There are a number of skills trainees need to learn, in addition to the many techniques and tricks they must practice to become a mentalist. 

Nonetheless, acquiring the abilities isn’t enough; one must also hone and refine them via practice in order to achieve mastery.

The Skills Required To Become A Mentalist:

  1. Using one’s better Judgment
  2. Adaptability
  3. Creative, impromptu thinking
  4. Proven body language skills
  5. Having the self-assurance to convey your ideas clearly
  6. Possessing a keen eye

How Do Mentalists Work?

A mentalist will make an attempt to read your mind by employing various mental techniques. 

They will ask you to consider a number and write it down, and the very good ones may enlist the assistance of other people in order to read your mind without the use of props. 

The majority of the time, this occurs when they have members of the audience there whom they have hand-picked themselves.

How to Become a Mentalist? Step-By-Step Guide

Follow the below-mentioned steps to become a successful mentalist: 

  1. Be Observant

Almost all ideas about how to become a mentalist are based on the idea that you need to be sharp-eyed and aware of even the most boring things around you.

This includes, among other things, reading body language, catching lies, following physical cues, and quickly judging sudden changes in a person’s attitude. 

  1. Explore the Different Facets of Psychology

To become a mentalist, you must first understand human behavior and how we think, act, believe, or perceive things. 

Psychology focuses on the intricacies of the human psyche, which will aid you in developing the best magic tricks to amaze your audience!

  1. Establish the Habit of Improvisation

Becoming a professional mentalist requires both preparation and on-the-spot improvisation. 

Performing in front of large crowds and pulling off tricks necessitates an innate ability to think on one’s feet and spontaneously. 

Another important step in learning how to become a mentalist is to master the art of improvisation. To improve, practice alone, in front of a mirror, with friends, or in front of a small audience as much as possible. 

  1. Develop Comprehensive Concentration

Mentalists’ acts, and performances are all based on the length of their concentrative power. 

Furthermore, due to the backbreaking nature of acts, the constant need for innovating new tricks and acts, and the composure to deal with dynamic audiences, the importance of maintaining long periods of concentration increases multifold. 

However, starting from scratch is essential for developing a professional-level focus. 

  1. Create Your Own Personal Tricks and Specialty

Do you prefer playing cards or manipulating people’s minds? Do you feel like your mind is stuck on sleight-of-hand tricks or that all of your preparation is geared toward that one big trick that could be your masterpiece? 

Well, whatever niche you choose and whatever avenue you intend to pursue, working on your career goals and developing your own signature, unique, and personal tricks are the only ways to find a successful path to becoming a mentalist.

  1. Learn from the Professional Players

Even though it’s important to find your own way to success, it’s also important to know how other successful performers got where they are and what they can teach you about how to become a mentalist. 

Check out the list of well-known mentalists like Derren Brown, Marc Paul, and Uri Geller, read their books, and watch videos of their shows and, if they have them, videos that explain how they do their tricks.

How does a Mentalist Earn?

Mentalists have no specific income because they have a “butterfly job.” The pay is determined by the number of shows performed, the size of the audience, and other factors. 

However, with expanding platforms and an extensive reach through social media, mentalists can now earn a good living by showcasing their abilities online. 

They can start a YouTube channel or do online shows. To excel in this field, one must unquestionably possess exceptional talent. The annual salary of a magician is ₹1,01,096.

Pros & Cons

The pros and Cons of being a mentalist are: 


  1. Mentalism is an excellent way to meet new people at networking events, business meetings, and social gatherings.
  2. Mentalism acts can motivate and inspire people.
  3. You can become a Counselor
  4. Mentalism improves your presentation abilities.
  5. Earn a good living as a professional mentalist.
  6. You can apply mentalism techniques in your own profession.
  7. Mentalism improves your communication skills.
  8. Mentalism makes your mind and thinking smooth, sharp, and intelligent.
  9. You have a truly unique ability to engage, entertain, and impress people at any time and in any place.
  10. You have the potential to work as a counselor.
  11. You understand people’s psychology and know more about them.
  12. You can be a YouTuber and start your own YouTube channel if you develop a unique hobby that makes you one in ten million.


  1. The vast majority of people are unaware of the mentalist nature of their entire experience.
  2. The teachings of mentalism must be studied from every angle.
  3. Mentalism is hard to understand at first, which is why it needs to be explained and looked at from different points of view.

Future Scope

Mentalists are professionals in Psychology. They understand different types of minds and know how to work with them better. Students and professionals in Psychology can market their products or ads in a way that gets people interested in them.

No one else has this technical way of thinking. Instead, it takes a specific way of thinking that can think critically and do things.

People who study psychology tend to be sensitive and able to speak the truth with conviction.

This means they can become great writers, artists, people in charge of production, and more! They can also make a name for themselves in marketing, either as copywriters, designers, or customer service reps. In fact, the opportunities and possibilities are endless.


  1. Mentalism is about using one’s body language and the science of psychology to predict and suggest actions rather than playing with someone’s psyche.
  1. Types of Mentalists are:
    1. Mind Reading
    2. Memory Feats
    3. Predictions (Precognition)
    4. Telepathy
    5. Mediumship
    6. Telekinesis (Psychokinesis)
    7. Clairvoyance
    8. Divination
    9. Hypnosis
    10. Mind Control
    11. Rapid Mathematics
    12. Deduction
  1. The Skills Required To Become A Mentalist:
  1. Using one’s better Judgment
  2. Adaptability
  3. Creative, impromptu thinking
  4. Proven body language skills
  5. Having the self-assurance to convey your ideas clearly
  6. Possessing a keen eye

4. To become a mentalist, you must first understand human behavior and how we think, act,  believe, or perceive things. 

5. Mentalists have no specific income because they have a “butterfly job.” The pay is determined by the number of shows performed, the size of the audience, and other factors. 

6. The only way to acquire knowledge of mentalism in India is through direct instruction from an experienced practitioner. 

7. Mentalism is an excellent way to meet new people at networking events, business meetings, and social gatherings.

8. Mentalists are professionals in Psychology. They understand different types of minds and know how to work with them better. Students and professionals in Psychology can market their products or ads in a way that gets people interested in them.


How Do I Become A Real Mentalist?

Follow the steps religiously to become a real mentalist:

Step 1: Learn Mentalism.

Step 2: Practice, Practice, Practice.

Step 3: Connect With Like-Minded Magicians.

Step 4: Invest In Your Success.

Step 5: A Formula For The Years Ahead.

Can Mentalism Be Learned?

One of the best ways to learn mentalism in the 21st century is through literature. They practically put all of the necessary information in the right place for anyone to understand. They are also very affordable.

How Long Does It Take To Be A Mentalist?

In order to earn your Mentalism Diploma, you will need to devote up to 150 hours to studying.

How Do Mentalists Read Minds?

It is essential for a mentalist to be able to read the minds of their audience. To give the impression that they can read minds, they employ deceptively simple techniques like neuro-linguistic programming (NLP), hypnosis, and observing human behavior.

Who is the best mentalist in the world?

Many consider Richard Osterlind to be one of the most influential mentalists and hypnotists of all time.

Is the mentalist realistic?

Yes, it is! To become a mentalist, you must first understand human behavior and how we think, act, believe, or perceive things. Psychology focuses on the intricacies of the human psyche, which will aid you in developing the best magic tricks to amaze your audience!

Is mentalism a part of psychology?

In psychology, mentalism refers to the study of perception and thought processes, such as mental imagery, consciousness, and cognition, as in cognitive psychology.

How to become an Actor in India?

How to become an actor

Coming out and seeing an awesome movie or checking Instagram feeds of actors traveling to new places a lot might have made you think of taking acting as a career. To answer your question, How to become an actor? We have put together an article to guide you with the skills, responsibilities, and career path of an actor. 

As glamorous as the career as an actor seems, there are hardships one has to go through to taste success. Pursuing an acting career is not an easy path. For many Success is not guaranteed, but persistence and networking can help in this industry.  

Get more information about becoming a professional actor from this article. 

Who is an actor?

For some, being an actor becomes a Profession, and for many, becoming an actor happens to be the future way of life. To put in a definition, an actor is a person who interprets a role or a part on the screen, television, or an Over the top (OTT) platform. 

Being an actor involves entertaining the Audience by expressing emotions and scripts behind a video camera that is edited and made into a Cinema, TV series, Short film, Web Series, etc. It will involve a lot of work physically and emotionally. 

As an actor, one should be able to perform stunts, dance, read and memorize scripts, perform collaborative scenes, etc, which depends on the character being portrayed. Acting is not just on screen, a lot of traditional and established actors started from theaters performing drama in front of a live audience.

Why do you want to become an actor?

This is a question only you could answer. But the most common answer is the acting industry is acting for a living, to earn. Though it’s difficult to seek work on a regular basis, there are people ready to get fixed in the industry. 

A lot of people working in the industry as actors work other jobs to compensate till work comes out consistently. Characters in a movie might come in terms of individual projects but acting in TV series will be regular.

Only you can question and answer the career path you are choosing. Be sure before taking the path. 

How to become an actor in India? Step-by-Step Guide

Aspiring Actors can go through the following steps to start their careers. However there’s no ideal way to become an actor, opportunities can arrive from various platforms.

  • Take an acting course or join acting schools – Joining an acting school or a theatre group will give you the right exposure to understand different aspects of filmmaking. 
  • Gain Professional Experience – Working gives experience. In acting, playing different roles and characters as part of practice or a live play can help you gain experience in portraying different emotions and acts.
  • Avail Networking Opportunities – Being in Acting School or attending courses or workshops will give you exposure to people already working in the industry. Connect with them to understand work better and share your interests as well.
  • Build an impressive resume – Just making facial expressions and being able to deliver a long script cannot make an actor. Learning different dance forms, maintaining fitness, basic defense techniques, voice modulation, etc will definitely make your resume stand out. 
  • Attend Auditions – The majority of the filmmaking starts with a lot of preparation. For casting actors, there will always be an audition that you could attend. Ensure to be prepared before attending. 

Skills Required to Become an Actor

Every profession or job requires a set of skills to be efficient and productive. Similarly, being an actor also needs certain skills developed over time. Here are the basic skills one expects from an actor before hiring.

  • The ability to be a team player and a solo actor as well.  
  • Must be open to taking directions.
  • Confidence to perform in front of a live audience.
  • Ability to read, learn, and memorize.
  • Ready to work unusual hours as well.
  • Should be an excellent timekeeper.
  • Experience in Character Improvisation.
  • Ability to project a clear voice.
  • Reliability
  • Ability to build a Character.

Responsibilities of a Film Actor

As a film actor, one has a lot of responsibility that lies on their shoulders. Apart from giving justice to the character one is playing, there is a lot of associated work that needs to be done in the play. Here are the responsibilities of a professional actor. 

  • Learn, Rehearse and Memorize Character dialogues. 
  • Take directions from the director to perform.
  • Express Emotions and project character in front of a live audience.
  • Build a character as the act continues.
  • Do voiceovers and dubbing.
  • Attend Auditions with sufficient preparation.
  • Improvise character reaction to a situation.
  • Work in live stage performances.
  • Promote the movie or show as part of the promotion strategy.

How to Start a Career as an Actor?

A career in acting takes persistence. Having to constantly upgrade your skills, you need to be active in the industry circle. There’s no predefined way to start this career but there has to be some eligibility for an actor. It might happen from your education, your network, references, auditions, etc. 

Get as Much Exposure as Possible

Getting exposure is two-way networking. where you get to understand how the work happens in the industry and another way you become familiar with the industry participants. There are multiple venues where you get to know people in the industry.

You can try working in Television reality Shows in different roles, attend Movie Promotions, Shoot locations, and many more to get a working idea of filmmaking. In all those venues, you’ll get to meet people with industry affiliations, and connect with them. 

Avail Networking Opportunities

Networking is the top option to try for finding work in Film Industry. Connecting with people doing various roles in the industry will make you a familiar talent. Here’s what you could do to build your network in the acting field.

  • Engage with Industry Professionals through Social media.
  • Build friendships in non-acting settings as well.
  • Show interest and interact with other people’s work.
  • Be Consistent in the work you do.
  • Support your Network.
  • Attend events happening in the Industry and interact with the attendees.
  • Most important, Follow up!

Build an Impressive Acting Resume

Applying for any job needs an impressive resume. Whether you are a fresher or experienced, resume projects you as a professional in auditions. Your resume will help the casting personnel in filtering the applications as well. Building a resume takes years of learning new skills and references. Here are some tips that will help you in writing an outstanding resume.

  1. Do not use common resumes for all auditions. Relate yourself to the casting role and personalize the profile.
  2. Format your Objectives.
  3. Include your Contact Information.
  4. Include your Physical features.
  5. If experienced. List all the roles you have played in different projects.
  6. Project unique skills you possess.
  7. Include your education and acting courses you have taken.
  8. Attach your Still images for reference.
  9. As a reference, list well-known directors.

Join an Acting/Talent Agency

Once you believe that you have all the skills to get into the work, the key step is to find the right casting or talent agency. Selecting the Right one is very important. Here’s how to evaluate an agency before signing up.

  • Write down a list of all the talent agencies in the industry you need to work in. 
  • Research online and check references to filter the list.
  • Narrow down your list depending on the production companies they have partnered with.
  • Prepare and Submit your Profile i.e Headshots, Resume, Demo, and Cover letter.
  • Check out the references from your network.
  • Revamp and Resubmit if necessary. 

Top Acting Schools in India 

If you want to follow to education route to make an acting career, there are colleges and institutes which offer degree and diploma courses. Here are the top institutes in India. 

  • Film and Television Institute of India (FTII), Pune
  • National School of Drama, New Delhi
  • Satyajit Ray Film and Television Institute, Kolkata
  • Indian Institute of Mass Communication, New Delhi
  • Asian School of Journalism, Chennai
  • Zee Institute of Media and Arts, Mumbai
  • Barry John Acting Studio, Mumbai
  • Whistling Woods International, Mumbai
  • Barry John Acting Studio, Mumbai
  • Annapurna College of Film and Media

Actors’ Earnings Sources

Playing different roles in a play will be the primary source of Income. However, the actor’s income comes from many sources. Here are some income opportunities. 

  • By doing Voiceovers for different characters and advertisements.
  • Building Social Media Profile and Followers.
  • Product endorsement on Social Media platforms.
  • Build and Monetize YouTube Channel.
  • Vlogging Channels of Social Media.


A lot of people in India aspire to become an actor in Bollywood and many different linguistic industries like Sandalwood, Tollywood, Kollywood, Mollywood, etc. In this article, we have made the best effort to address your lingering question How to become an Actor? 

This article will address all your questions about being an actor, their roles, and their responsibilities. With an understanding of networking, talent agency, and top acting schools, one can pursue their dream of becoming a professional actor in different industries that extend up to Hollywood as well. 

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

How do I start being an actor?

Being an actor is a continuous effort. Practice and Consistency is the only way to remain an actor. A hero may be the highlight of a movie or a play or a series, but the play will remain incomplete without actors. Build your profile consistently. 

How do I become an actor with no experience?

Experience matters a lot in the Film Industry as a film actor. But, it is not always a key factor. There are a lot of opportunities for entry-level actors without experience as well. Today, Filmmaking is not limited to big screens and has expanded to Smartphone OTT platforms opening up enormous roles. 

Is it hard to become an actor?

Well, hardship is in every field. Keep putting in your complete effort. Take the right steps and guidance. Build your work portfolio, things will start getting a lot easier. 

How much do actors get paid?

The remuneration of actors depends on the role they play and the duration of the shoot required to complete your part of the project. It also depends on your experience and the number of projects you have worked on. With experience, you will get to fix your remuneration. For an entry-level actor, one can expect to start with Rs.5000/- per day of the shoot. 

How do actors find auditions?

Sometimes, the production company gives open publication for casting. Most of the audition calls happen through talent agencies, make sure to sign up with the right agent. 

Is acting a good career?

Entertainment is a very popular field. Acting is an important part of the Filmmaking process. So, as long as you stay versatile, opportunities will open up different roles. 

How do I audition for a movie?

When preparing for a Filmmaking project starts, an open casting call will be sent to talent agencies. If you have signed up with a casting agency, they will evaluate if you fit the role being cast for. If you fit, they will inform you about the role, date, and location. 

Can everyone be an actor?

A film project doesn’t happen with only children or young people or old people or only women or only men. Everyone irrespective of their age, color, gender, experience, etc can become an actor. Even a baby can be cast in a play. 

Can you audition without an agent?

Sometimes open casting happens. Publications in newspapers and Social Media will be released by the Production house. Also, open auditions will be conducted in colleges, and educational institutions as well.

Can a shy person be an actor?

As long as you can deliver your script and express emotions on camera, being shy won’t matter. 

Do actors memorize all their lines?

Actors must read and memorize the script. They have to deliver it on screen with expression.

Can you audition with no experience?

There is no need to have the experience to audition. Anyone can give audition as long as they match the basic candidate profile the house is looking for a role. Once you have established yourself in the industry, opportunities show up and you need not give auditions. 

How to Become a Chef?

how to become a chef

You don’t need any special training or education to become a Chef, but you will need some relevant professional experience to present on your resume.

Perhaps getting a degree might help you out as well.

With the hospitality industry growing every year, there is still a high demand for skilled Chefs. Getting started may not be as hard as you thought, and anyone of any age can become a Chef.

Let’s get started! 

Who is a Chef?

A Chef is a skilled professional cook and tradesman who is proficient in all elements of food preparation, generally specializing in a particular cuisine. Chefs can be found at restaurants and other food service establishments. 

The title of “chef de cuisine,” which refers to the person in charge of a kitchen, is where the word “Chef” originated.

Types of Chef

Chefs typically hold higher-ranking positions in the kitchen. A restaurant will also typically have managerial and specialized Chefs. Each type of Chef can handle a wide range of tasks, from organization and training to menu development and recipe creation.

Different Types of Chefs are: 

  • Commis Chef

The role of Commis Chef represents the starting point for a culinary career. 

It’s similar to an internship, in which the junior Chef aids the experienced cooks in their education. 

For the most part, commis Chefs are in charge of making sure their kitchen is always tidy and stocked with all the necessary ingredients and cooking implements. 

A typical annual income of a Commis Chef is about INR 2.5 LPA.

  • Sous Chef

Sous Cooks, often known as Sauciers, are highly skilled Chefs who oversee the final plating of food. 

Salad dressing, preparing sauces, monitoring gravy, etc., are all part of a saucier’s duties under the supervision of the Sous Chef and the Head Chef. 

Approximately 3.5 LPA is their annual salary.

  • Pastry Chef

One of the most specialized types of cooks is the pastry Chef. They are self-employed and are in charge of making and presenting a wide variety of sweet treats. 

A typical annual salary for them is INR 4 LPA. However, this number might vary widely by employment and location.

  • Senior Sous Chef

Working under the direction of the head Chef, the senior sous Chef is responsible for a variety of tasks, including purchasing and preparing products, planning the menu, and coordinating the logistics of food preparation and delivery. 

Their Annual Income is between INR 4 and 5 LPA.

  • Head Chef

The Head Chef reports directly to the Executive Chef. In some establishments, though, they may be asked to step in as executive Chefs. 

They are in charge of the smooth operation of the kitchen and everything related to it, including dealing with suppliers, supervising personnel, stocking the pantry, etc. 

They might expect to take home between INR 6 and 7 LPA each year.

  • Executive Chef 

The highest possible position for a Chef is that of “Executive Chef.” They are in charge of everything happening in the kitchen and supervising all of the personnel. 

An executive Chef’s job description doesn’t include food preparation. They are responsible for overseeing the entire operation, from dish presentation and employee approval through menu development and final approval. 

In India, the typical income for an executive Chef is between INR 10 and 11 LPA, with the potential for a rapid increase to INR 25 LPA.

Roles and Responsibilities of a Chef

The Roles and Responsibilities of a Chef are:

  1. Assuring that all food is of high quality and is served on time.
  2. Planning the menu while keeping the budget and seasonal ingredients in mind.
  3. In charge of all kitchen operations.
  4. Coordination of kitchen staff and assistance as needed.
  5. Staff must be trained to prepare and cook all menu items.
  6. Taking inventory of ingredients and equipment, as well as placing orders to replenish supplies.
  7. Enforcing kitchen safety and sanitation standards.
  8. Develop new recipes to keep the menu interesting.
  9. Keeping abreast of industry developments.
  10. Receiving feedback and making necessary improvements

Eligibility to Become a Chef

Some of the fundamental requirements for becoming a Chef are listed below for your convenience.

  • To be eligible for degree programs such as BA in Culinary Arts, Bachelor of Hotel Management (BHM), Bachelor of Catering Technology, and Culinary Arts, students must complete 10+2. (BCTCA).
  • A designer Chef should know the basics of this field so that he or she can do his or her job as well as possible.
  • There are specific short and long programs available for this, which must be completed.
  • The National Test Agency administers the NCHMCT JEE for admissions to various IHMs, State Government, and PSU-affiliated institutions.
  • Graduates of the tenth grade can enroll in degrees and certifications at a limited number of institutions and universities.
  • Examinations to determine admission into hotel management programs and schools are held on a yearly basis at both the national and state levels.

How to Become a Chef in India? – Step-By-Step Guide

In order to have an enjoyable and stress-free educational experience while studying to become a Chef, there are a number of courses and processes that need to be completed.

The following section will walk you through the prerequisite training and education that must be completed in order to work in the culinary industry as a Chef.

School Level Preparation: After passing class tenth, there is no specific stream that must be studied or followed in order to become a Chef. Culinary skills are typically learned as a hobby, so candidates from any field can apply for the Chef course.

Becoming a Chef After 12th: Just after the successful completion of class 12th, the following steps and courses must be completed for your convenience.

Aspiring candidates can pursue Undergraduate Hotel Management Courses, Cooking Courses, and other culinary courses such as B.A. Culinary Arts, among others. These courses are available at a number of colleges across the country.

PG Level Preparation: In general, any candidate aspiring to be a Chef should have an undergraduate degree. Some students, however, prefer to pursue Postgraduate Courses as well.

Chef Courses:

The best part about becoming a Chef is that there are no limits on the courses and education you can take. Different institutes and colleges offer certificate courses, undergraduate degree programs, short-term diplomas, postgraduate specializations, and doctoral-level degrees.

BA in Culinary Art: 

Full-time program for three years: The minimum requirement is 10+2 or an equivalent, with a score of at least 50% on the qualifying exams.

Similar Courses:

  • Bachelor of Hotel Management (BHM) in Culinary is a full-time graduate course that lasts three years. To be eligible, you must have completed 10+2 with science subjects. Admission is based on merit and tests given at the beginning.
  • B.Sc. in Catering Science and Hotel Management: This is a three-year undergraduate course that is broken up into semesters. The minimum requirement is 10+2, and entrance exams are used to decide who gets in.
  • Certificate in Food Production and Patisserie is a short course that lasts between 6 and 18 months. SSC or 10th grade with English is required.
  • PG Diploma in Culinary Arts: Some Culinary and Hotel Management colleges offer a one-year full-time post-graduate diploma course. For admission, candidates must have a bachelor’s degree and pass an entrance exam.

Career Opportunities for a Chef

The career opportunities for a Chef are: 

  1. Consultants work with restaurant owners to develop menus and assist with restaurant design.
  1. Food and Beverage Managers will be in charge of restaurant and hotel chains.
  1. Food critics and journalists who write for magazines or news organizations
  1. Photographers and food stylists for magazines, books, catalogs, and advertising.
  1. Overseeing the kitchen and cooking for restaurant patrons in a full-service restaurant.
  1. People on special diets are increasingly turning to home meal delivery services.
  1. Hotel Dining Rooms and Restaurants – Many hotels have dining rooms and restaurants.
  1. Catering for airports, schools, hospitals, colleges, and correctional facilities.
  1. Production and sale of instructional videos for continuing education.
  1. Individuals or families can hire a personal Chef.
  1. R&D for manufacturers who are creating new foods or product lines
  1. College and culinary school instructors

Chef Salary (freshers, average, experienced, etc.)

SpecializationAverage Annual Salary (INR)
Chef5.60 L
Executive Chef10.20 L
Sous Chef5.11 L
Pastry Chef4.09 L
Head Chef8.33 L

Top Hotel Management Colleges in India

There are more than 347 colleges and universities in India that offer undergraduate and graduate courses in Hotel Management. 

Of these, 209 are private colleges, 55 are public universities, and the other 83 are deemed colleges. They offer courses that can be taken full-time, part-time, or from afar.

Name of the CollegesLocationAverage Course Fees (INR)
Institute of Hotel Management, Catering and NutritionDelhi81,600
Institute of Hotel ManagementBangalore96,613
Parul UniversityVadodara40,000
International School of Hospitality and TourismKolkata4,30,000
Lexicon Institute of Hotel ManagementPune2,83,000
DPMI Vocational instituteDelhi60,000
Institute of Hotel Management Catering Technology & Applied NutritionKolkata66,000
Dr.Ambedkar Institute of Hotel Management Catering and NutritionChandigarh1,22,000
International Institute of Hotel ManagementPune1,31,000
Christ UniversityBangalore1,25,000

Best Chef Recruiters In India

The Best Chef Recruiters In India are: 

  • Marriott International, Inc
  • Hyatt Hotels Accor Hotels
  • ITC Group of Hotels
  • The Leela Palace, Hotels and Resorts
  • The Taj Group of Hotels

Pros & Cons


  1. Excellent Compensation Package
  2. Creative Contentment
  3. The liberty to experiment and innovate
  4. The popularity of achieving celebrity standing
  5. Can begin your own food business


  1. Normal working hours may be extended
  2. Physical Labor Required During the festival, the need for labor grows. Therefore it’s possible that you won’t be granted any off time
  3. Kitchens can be suffocating, which could be detrimental to health
  4. Always require strict quality control


  1. With the hospitality industry growing year after year, there is still a high demand for skilled Chefs, and the requirements for you to get started may not be as difficult as you thought; anyone at any age can become a Chef.
  1. Different Types of Chefs are: 
  • Commis Chef
  • Sous Chef
  • Pastry Chef
  • Senior Sous Chef
  • Head Chef
  • Executive Chef
  1. To be eligible for degree programs such as BA in Culinary Arts, Bachelor of Hotel Management (BHM), Bachelor of Catering Technology, and Culinary Arts, students must complete 10+2. (BCTCA).
  1. Aspiring candidates can pursue Undergraduate Hotel Management Courses, Cooking Courses, and other culinary courses such as B.A. Culinary Arts, among others. These courses are available at a number of colleges across the country.
  1. Some Culinary and Hotel Management colleges offer a one-year full-time post-graduate diploma course. For admission, candidates must have a bachelor’s degree and pass an entrance exam.
  1. There are more than 347 colleges and universities in India that offer undergraduate and graduate courses in Hotel Management. Of these, 209 are private colleges, 55 are public universities, and the other 83 are deemed colleges. They offer courses that can be taken full-time, part-time, or from afar.
  1. Career Opportunities- Consultants work with restaurant owners to develop menus and assist with restaurant design.
  1. Developing new recipes to keep the menu interesting is one of the roles and responsibilities of a Chef.


How long does it take to become a Chef?

Depending on how long you go to culinary school, it can take anywhere from a few short months to four years. 

When you sign up, you can choose from different options, and different things can affect how long your studies will take. 

For example, it can take between 2 and 4 years to become a professional Chef.

Is it hard to become a Chef?

In order to achieve success as a Chef in this industry, one needs several years of expertise in addition to a significant amount of hard work.

How can I become a Chef after the 12th?

You can opt for these courses: 

  • Bachelor of Hotel Management (BHM) in Culinary.
  • B.Sc. in Hospitality and Hotel Management.
  • B.Sc. in Catering Science and Hotel Management.
  • Certificate in Food Production and Patisserie.
  • PG Diploma in Culinary Arts.
  • BA in Culinary Arts.

Is being a Chef a good career?

People who are passionate about food have the opportunity to turn their interest into a rewarding profession by becoming Chefs. 

In addition to that, a profession in the kitchen will give you the following benefits: The work is challenging and interesting, and there are many prospects for advancement and personal growth on a daily basis. 

It is a career that provides a high level of job satisfaction.

How much do Chefs earn?

₹10,000 to ₹15,000 per month. Once you gain some experience of about 10 years or so, you can expect better pay than this. 

Can you become a Chef at 30?

You can be above 30 and go to culinary school and start working as a line cook in restaurants.

Do Chefs get paid well?

₹10,000 to ₹15,000 per month. Once you gain some experience of about 10 years or so, you can expect better pay than this. 

What problems do Chefs face?

Some regular problems that Chefs face are: 

  • Foul odors from the sink or blockages caused by food residue are two of the most common kitchen issues
  • Insufficient Counter Space
  • Poor Ventilation Greasy Surfaces
  • Messy Kitchen Space
  • Storage Issues
  • Malfunctioning Cabinets
  • Inadequate Lighting

Is being a Chef a stressful job?

It’s not easy to be a professional Chef, and it takes a lot of time, energy, and commitment. You will need to love it, because the hours can be long and you won’t see many people, and kitchens are stressful places to work.

How to become a gourmet Chef 90?

Certificate or degree in culinary arts, hospitality, or a related field; apprentice programs are common for aspiring gourmet Chefs.

Do Chefs get days off?

Hotel Chef positions often need 40 to 45 hours of work per week, with two days off each week. It is common for hotel cooks to work morning shifts from 6 a.m. to 11 a.m., followed by an afternoon shift from 1 p.m. to midnight.

What is the hardest part of being a Chef?

Here are the five most difficult things about being a Chef: 

  • Competition.
  • Customer expectations.
  • Staff Retention 
  • Staff Recruitment
  • Sustainability.

How to become a Cardiologist?

how to become a cardiologist

Individuals who wish to become Cardiologists must first obtain a general physician license and then complete a lengthy training program in order to be licensed to perform the duties of a Cardiologist. 

Cardiologists are in charge of diagnosing and treating cardiovascular system-related problems with medication or surgery. 

However, for both medicines and surgery, physicians must obtain a certificate, which can only be obtained after completing the entire training process.

Who is a Cardiologist?

Cardiologists are doctors who specialize in diagnosing and treating the cardiovascular system. To become a certified cardiologist, physicians must first complete specialized training. 

Cardiologist specialists are also in charge of diagnosing the functions of various other internal organs related to an individual’s cardiovascular system, such as blood vessel functions.

Types Of Cardiologists

The types of Cardiologists are: 

  • Doctor

A doctor is a medical expert who helps people get the care they need. He or she looks at patients and looks for signs of diseases, disorders, and illnesses. In a hospital, clinic, or clinical lab, a doctor performs surgery, prescribes medicine, and treats patients in other ways.

  • Cardiology Surgeon

A cardiology surgeon is a doctor who specializes in heart and blood vessel surgery.  A cardiac cardiologist must have extensive education and training, which includes undergraduate, postgraduate, and internships. A medical license issued by the government is also required.

  • Interventional Cardiologist:

An interventional cardiologist is someone who receives one to two years of additional training to learn how to diagnose and treat diseases affecting the human cardiac muscles. A cardiologist is also in charge of treating a variety of cardiovascular diseases with a drug known as catheterization.

  • ECG (Electrocardiographic) Specialists

Cardiographic or electrocardiographic specialists: A cardiographic or electrocardiographic specialist works with patients to help physicians diagnose and treat heart diseases such as irregular heartbeat and arrhythmias. These cardiologist doctors work under the supervision of a specialized cardiologist.

  • Surgeon

A surgeon does simple and minimally invasive surgeries that only take a few minutes or invasive and complicated surgeries that take a long time to finish. Since a surgeon works on a living person, there is a high risk to their life. 

To avoid any sort of accident during surgery, a surgeon must be aware, ready for any kind of emergency, and able to save a life at any time.

  • Radiation Therapist

A radiation therapist’s job requires him or her to pay attention, work hard, and show up to work on time every day. A radiation therapist is on their feet for a long time and may have to lift or turn patients who can’t move on their own.

Roles And Responsibilities of a Cardiologist

The Roles And Responsibilities Of a Cardiologist are: 

  • Patient Examination

Cardiologists are frequently referred by other physicians who want confirmation that a patient has a cardiovascular condition or advice on how to best treat the patient. 

When a patient has a heart attack, a serious arrhythmia, or heart failure, cardiologists are called in to help. 

Given that cardiologists are typically not the first doctors to see a patient, they must swiftly assess the patient’s medical history and ask questions concerning symptoms.

  • Treating Patients

Once a cardiologist has determined the cause of a patient’s symptoms, (s)he must select the most appropriate course of treatment. If the patient needs heart surgery, such as a valve replacement, he may have to refer him to a cardiologist. 

(S)he may determine that pharmaceutical intervention is necessary to remedy the patient’s condition. If a patient’s heart health requires them to make changes in their lifestyle, the cardiologist may offer advice on how to do so. 

Following a cardiac event, a patient may need to see a cardiologist for follow-up care, such as periodic examinations. Possible roles include team members, working with other doctors and medical staff to improve a patient’s health in concert.

If you’re looking for a surgeon, you won’t find a cardiologist. Some cardiologists, however, are able to do minimally invasive operations such as cardiac catheterizations, defibrillator implants, and pacemaker insertions.

  • Testing Procedures and Their Analysis

A cardiologist frequently needs to order tests in order to make a diagnosis or determine the best treatment options. 

Cardiologists may recommend a test called echocardiography, which records the heart’s electrical activity and provides an image of its anatomy. The efficiency of a patient’s heart is measured when it is working hard during a stress test.

A cardiologist may use blood tests and x-rays to help make a diagnosis or plan of treatment. Cardiac catheterization includes inserting a small tube near or into the heart to measure electrical impulses, take pictures, or assist in the removal of a blockage. 

Cardiologists must interpret the results of the tests once they have been completed.

  • Team Management

To ensure patients receive the necessary care, treatment, and services, cardiologists must coordinate their efforts with support workers.

He or she is also responsible for ensuring that the operating team develops the most effective and standard approach to providing excellent service.

As a cardiologist, one is expected to manage the team so that everyone is working towards the same goal.

  • Work on Maintenance

Individuals who choose a career as a cardiologist serves as clinical experts within the hospital, disseminating specialist skills and knowledge to all disciplines. 

In difficult and stressful circumstances, a cardiologist must also deal with caregivers and direct patient contact. 

The job of a cardiologist is to maintain and promote effective communication among all members of the multidisciplinary team as well as all hospital departments.

  • Additional Assistance

Individuals who choose a career as a cardiologist provide and demonstrate sound clinical leadership, as well as create support mechanisms for sharing best practices and encouraging and directing innovation in ongoing perfusion development. 

Juniors in the process of becoming cardiologists look up to him or her in order to learn something. One must lead the juniors who report to him or her in order to establish a better learning process.

Eligibility to become a Cardiologist

Candidates interested in becoming a Cardiologist must first pass the required medical entrance exam. To take the entrance exam to become a general physician, students must have studied biology in their 12th grade, as well as mathematics, physics, and chemistry. 

Students must obtain their general physician license after passing the medical entrance exam. To obtain the license, students must complete a 5-year training program as well as one year of fellowship. 

After obtaining a general physician practice license, interested candidates must take a screening test to become a Cardiologist.

Following the selection process, candidates must complete another three years of training and one year of fellowship to obtain the license to practice as a Cardiologist expert.

How to Become a Cardiologist in India? – Step-By-Step Guide

To Become A Cardiologist In India, follow this Step-By-Step Guide:

Step 1: Clear 10+2

Students must understand how to become a cardiologist in India after completing their secondary education. We’ll walk you through the steps to becoming a cardiologist after high school. 

Students must have earned a minimum of 60% in their combined 10+2 science courses from an accredited institution or university. In this section, we’ll discuss the steps necessary to enter the field of cardiology and become a cardiologist.

Step 2: Entrance Examination

In India, entrance exams are conducted by a number of cardiology colleges to let people in. Students must take entrance exams to get into colleges and universities. 

Admissions are based on how well a student did on the entrance exam for his or her preferred university. In order to be a successful cardiologist, you need to get an M.B.B.S.

Popular Entrance Exams: 

  • Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research Entrance Exam.
  • BHU M.D. / M.S. Entrance Test
  • Delhi University Post Graduate Medical Entrance Test

Step 3: Bachelor

After passing the 10+2 exam, students have to sign up for a bachelor’s degree program. If you want to become a cardiologist, you should get a bachelor’s in M.B.B.S.

One of the most popular courses in cardiology is MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and a Bachelor of Surgery) 

Step 4: Post Bachelor

After completing a bachelor’s degree, students must pursue postgraduate studies in cardiology. 

Unlike other fields, one cannot become a cardiologist immediately after graduation; one must first complete post-graduate studies before becoming a cardiologist. 

There are several options for directing their career path. For those interested in pursuing this profession, there are several degrees and diploma courses available, such as PGD, M.Sc, and M.Ch.

After that, he or she will be able to begin practicing cardiology professionally.

Popular courses for Post Bachelor Cardiology are:

  • PG Diploma in Clinical Cardiology Course (PGDCC)
  • Diploma in Cardiovascular Technology
  • Master of Science in Cardiological Nursing
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Community Cardiology
  • Doctor of Medicine in Cardiology
  • M.Ch in Cardiology
  • DNB Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
  • M.Ch Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery

Career Opportunities for a Cardiologist

These days, cardiologists are in high demand. Although becoming a cardiologist involves years of training and a lot of dedication, the industry is rewarding for those who stick with it.

There are numerous cardiologist consultant job openings in both the public and private sectors. This is primarily due to the advancement of science and technology. 

Cardiology colleges are springing up all over India. Another reason is the fast-paced lifestyle, which causes heart disease in people at a young age. 

A cardiologist’s job growth is expected to be 6.8 percent by the end of 2026. It is higher than the national average for most medical specializations.

The top 10 Career Opportunities in Cardiology are:

  • Cardiovascular technician
  • Exercise physiologist
  • EKG technician
  • Cardiology consultant
  •  Anesthesiologist
  • Respiratory Therapist
  •  Medical sonographer
  • Cardiology physician
  • Cardiac nurse
  • Surgeon

Cardiologist Salary

  1. Cardiac Catheterisation Technologist (Monthly Salaries)

Average Salary40000
Junior Level Salary30000
Senior Level Salary50000
  1. Nuclear Cardiovascular Specialist (Monthly Salaries)

Average Salary50000
Junior Level Salary55000
Senior Level Salary59000
  1. Director of Cardiology (Monthly Salaries)

Average Salary60000
Junior Level Salary55000
Senior Level Salary70000

Top Medical School For Cardiologists

The All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) is widely regarded as the most prominent university in India for medical students. 

On the other hand, a number of public colleges have disclosed their plans to establish medical education programs. 

Additionally, PGIMER has been recognized among the best 25 medical colleges in all of India. 

The Christian Medical College, which is located in Vellore, has successfully maintained its position as one of India’s top 10 medical institutes. 

On the other hand, King George’s Medical University, JIPMER, and BHU are some examples of prestigious medical colleges in India. 

The state education regulating authorities in India are responsible for administering these colleges, which place them among the top 10 medical colleges in India.

Pros & Cons

The Pros and Cons of being a Cardiologist


  1. The maximum amount of versatility and the opportunity to work for various companies at the same time.
  1. Extremely low supply relative to the extremely high demand for cardiac specialists who are board-certified.
  1. A chance to become familiar with the process of worldwide treatment as well as exposure to a medical treatment facility located on a global scale.


  • India struggles with a severe lack of infrastructure.
  • Huge amount of labor to be done in a setting that is difficult.
  • There is a significant possibility of death for the patient if the treatment is administered incorrectly.


  • Cardiologists are doctors who specialize in diagnosing and treating the cardiovascular system. To become a certified cardiologist, physicians must first complete specialized training. 
  • A cardiology surgeon is a doctor who specializes in heart and blood vessel surgery.  A cardiac cardiologist must have extensive education and training, which includes undergraduate, postgraduate, and internships. A medical license issued by the government is also required.
  • Cardiologists are frequently referred by other physicians who want confirmation that a patient has a cardiovascular condition or advice on how to best treat the patient. 
  • Candidates interested in becoming a Cardiologist must first pass the required medical entrance exam. To take the entrance exam to become a general physician, students must have studied biology in their 12th grade, as well as mathematics, physics, and chemistry. 
  • These days, cardiologists are in high demand. Although becoming a cardiologist involves years of training and a lot of dedication, the industry is rewarding for those who stick with it.
  • The All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) is widely regarded as the most prominent university in India for medical students. 


How Many Years to Become a Cardiologist in India?

A cardiologist typically takes 10-13 years to train. They are experts in the treatment of congenital heart defects, heart failure, coronary artery disease, and valvular heart disease.

Is Cardiology a Good Career?

A career as a Cardiologist is financially and professionally rewarding. As the number of heart patients increases, so will the number of super specialty heart care centers, broadening the scope for cardiologists. There are numerous job opportunities for cardiology specialists.

Is NEET Required for Cardiology?

NEET is not mandatory to pursue BSc Cardiology; instead, you must have a 10+2 in science with Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and English as core subjects.

How Many Hours Do Cardiologists Work?

The majority of cardiologists work long hours and lead stressful lives.

Are Cardiologists Happy?

According to Medscape, nearly half of all cardiologists—47 percent—said they were either very or extremely happy outside of work, but this still fell short of the percentages reported by rheumatologists, endocrinologists, radiologists, and oncologists.

Which Course is Best for Cardiology?

Cardiology is a good course for postgraduates to take because it pays well. People can get an MD (Doctor of Medicine) or MS (Master of Surgery) in cardiology or, more specifically, in cardiothoracic surgery. 

For any undergraduate course on cardiology, you should finish the 5.5 years of M.B.B.S.

Which Subjects are Required for Cardiologists?

For general category students to be eligible for MBBS, they must get a total of 50% in physics, chemistry, biology, and English on the 10+2 board exam.

Is Cardiology Stressful?

The responsibility of saving patients’ lives as a cardiologist can put a strain on your own heart and even raise your blood pressure.

Can A Woman Become A Cardiologist?

To become a cardiologist, regardless of gender, one must be an excellent and professional physician who works well with others to improve cardiovascular care.

Do Cardiologists Get Weekends Off?

Cardiologists who work in a clinic usually have set office hours, but those who work in a hospital may have to work nights, weekends, and holidays, as well as take turns being on call.

Cardiologists could work as much as 80 hours a week.

Can Doctors Have A Social Life?

Many doctors, in fact, the majority of doctors, are really busy. Some of them only see patients, while others do everything to keep their social life alive.

How to become a Scientist?

how to become a scientist

Scientists investigate the causes of what happens around us. 

They explain how and why silk is soft. Why is the fire hot? How do we send a spaceship to the Moon and beyond? Why is the grass green? 

All of these answers are the result of years of study and research. Interesting?

Do you want to learn how to become a scientist? Keep reading this article! 

Who is a Scientist? 

Scientists conduct studies, research, and experiments to develop new methods of doing things, such as a better way to kill cancer cells using radiation without harming healthy cells in the human body.

Through studies, research, and experiments, scientists create new things and applications, such as a bioengineered artificial limb, a new source of energy, new materials, new applications for humanoid robots, and so on.

Types of Scientists

The different types of Scientists are:  

  • Biotechnologist

A biotechnologist uses cellular and biomolecular processes to create new products or solve problems such as cancer cures, new medications, gene therapy, genetic testing, and so on.

  • Botanists

Ecology botanists study the interactions of plants with other organisms and the environment. Other field botanists look for new species or conduct experiments to learn how plants grow in different environments. 

  • Biophysicists

These scientists investigate the interactions of a cell’s various systems, such as DNA, RNA, and protein biosynthesis, as well as their interactions using physical science to study biological systems.

  • Agricultural Scientists

These scientists research commercial plants, animals, and cultivation techniques to improve farm yield productivity, and sustainability.

  • Archaeologists

Archaeology is the study of physical remains from the past in order to gain a broad and comprehensive understanding of human culture.

  • Astronomers

Astronomers are scientists who study planets, stars, and other celestial bodies. 

  • Astrophysicists

Astrophysicists use physical laws to try to understand the universe and its contents, which include stars, planets, galaxies, and celestial objects. 

  • Astrobiologists

They study the possibilities of life existing on other planets and discover that the biospheres of these worlds are distinct from that of Earth yet still have the capacity to support life.

  • Ecologists

Ecologists are scientists who investigate the connection that exists between living things and the environment in which they exist.

  • Evolutionary Biologists

Biologists who specialize in evolutionary biology research topics such as the origin of species from a common ancestor, and the ways in which species evolve, multiply, and diversify over time.

  • Immunologists

Researchers investigate the immune systems of all creatures that are alive today.

  • Marine Biologists

They are known as marine biologists, and their research focuses on the species that can be found in the ocean and other bodies of marine water.

  • Microbiologists

Microbiologists are scientists who study living things like bacteria, viruses, fungi, and protists. Other living things they study include protists.

  • Neuroscientists

Neuroscientists are experts in the field of studying how the neurological system works.

  • Ornithologists

Ornithology is a branch of zoology concerned with the “methodological study and subsequent knowledge of birds and everything related to them.”

  • Paleontologists

A paleontologist is a scientist who examines the history of life on Earth via the study of fossils. Paleontology is the study of the history of life.

  • Pathologists

Pathologists are experts who study the causes, effects, and progression of diseases and illnesses in the human body.

  • Zoologists

These scientists focus on animal behavior and environment, as well as the animal kingdom, animal categorization, and animal habits.

  • Geologists

Geology is the scientific study of the processes that occur on Earth. Geologists are scientists who research these processes.

  • Meteorologists

Researchers that analyze how shifts in the composition of the Earth’s atmosphere influence the planet’s climate.

There are many types of scientists, this is just a part of the long list. 

How do Scientist Works? (Roles and Responsibility)

The Roles and Responsibilities of a Scientist are: 

  1. Planning and Carrying out Experiments
  2. Data Collection and Analysis
  3. Carrying out fieldwork, such as sample collection, presenting findings to senior/other research staff, and writing research papers, reports, reviews, and summaries
  4. Procedure Demonstration
  5. Putting together research proposals and funding applications/bids
  6. Supervising junior staff, including technicians.
  7. Product and materials testing
  8. Ensuring optimum quality standards 
  9. Communicating with research and/or production staff
  10. Developing solutions to problems
  11. Staying updated with relevant scientific and technical developments
  12. Teaching the subordinates

Eligibility to become a Scientist

The eligibility criteria to become a Scientist are: 

  • Candidates must hold a Bachelor’s Degree from a reputable university or college. 
  • Graduation in the field of science is required.
  • Candidates must have a graduation grade point average of at least 60%. 
  • Candidates for master’s degrees must have a minimum score of 65%.

Skills Required to Become a Scientist

The top 7 Skills required to become a scientist are: 

  1. Critical Thinking and Problem Solving
  2. Communication
  3. Business Acumen
  4. Self-Motivation
  5. Team Work 
  6. Management Skills
  7. Adaptability

  • Critical Thinking and Problem Solving

People who can solve problems quickly are valued in the biotechnology industry, which relies on innovation. The best scientists can identify and prioritize problems before focusing on finding the best solution.

  •  Communication 

Employees who can solve problems quickly are in high demand in the biotechnology industry, which is heavily reliant on innovation. Before focusing on the best solution, the best scientists can identify and prioritize problems.

Scientists must also improve their interpersonal communication skills, which are required when working with colleagues. These skills will be especially important when it comes to giving presentations, networking at industry conferences, and working in groups.

  • Business Acumen

While a strong technical background is essential, understanding the business of biotechnology beyond your day-to-day responsibilities is also essential. 

Scientists should understand financial and regulatory changes that affect the sector, the broader business’s goals and challenges, and trends that may affect the industry’s and the company’s future.

  • Self-Motivation

Being motivated is an important part of being a successful scientist. Motivation comes from having a vision, setting goals, and celebrating small victories, but there’s more to it than that – there’s a science behind motivation.

  • Team Work 

Biotechnology is an interdisciplinary field. Scientists must be able to collaborate with others and navigate conflicts and differences of opinion. 

Being a team player also entails knowing when to take the reins as a leader and when to step back and let someone else lead.

  • Management Skills

Great scientists will demonstrate a wide range of management abilities. Not only is it critical to understand how to manage, store, visualize, and analyze large scientific data sets, but it is also critical to understand how to manage variables such as your time, your work, and a successful team.

  • Adaptability

Biotechnology is a fast-paced industry that is constantly evolving. Scientists must be adaptable and constantly update their knowledge, tools, and protocols. The more adaptable you are, the more successful you will be.

How to Become a Scientist in India? – Step-By-Step Guide

Follow the basic steps to become a scientist:

1. Get a Bachelor’s Degree.

There are several prestigious institutes that provide undergraduate science and technology courses. These institutes frequently require you to pass the JEE (joint entrance examination). 

Some institutes hold their own aptitude tests for admissions, while others prioritize board exam aggregate scores.

2. Complete a Master’s Degree

GATE (graduate aptitude test in engineering) scores are used to determine admission to most engineering colleges for postgraduate courses. Some institutes provide an integrated course that combines bachelor’s and master’s degree programs. 

To pursue this program, you will most likely have to take an aptitude test or be admitted based on your performance in your bachelor’s degree program.

3. Get some work experience

You can work as a scientist or do internships for public or private organizations to become acquainted with the research settings and work culture associated with the field. 

Consider publishing research papers and presenting your work at national and international conferences as part of your work experience. This can give you an advantage when applying for high-profile jobs.

4. Obtain a doctorate.

A doctorate degree establishes you as a subject matter expert in your field of study. Completing a Ph.D. from a reputable institution can increase your chances of finding work. 

Most Ph.D. programs prefer to admit candidates who have published research papers and a few years of relevant work experience.

Career Opportunities as a Scientist

Here are the top Career Opportunities As A Scientist: 

  • Data Analyst 

A data analyst gathers and organizes divergent data in order to produce a reliable result. They design and implement databases and data collection systems. 

Their primary responsibility is to identify, analyze, and interpret data trends and patterns in large amounts of data. They use statistical techniques and various data analysis technologies to collect insightful data and develop business plans.

  • Geology

Geology is for those who are interested in rocks, the Earth, soil, and land. Geologists are scientists who study the Earth and soil. 

These experts examine a region and forecast potential threats like earthquakes and volcanoes. 

They create designs for builders and construction companies to build structures based on their research.

  • Astronomer

Astronomers study space structures such as stars, planets, galaxies, and black holes. They meticulously record and analyze data as they study the features, movements, and compositions of these items. 

This is another science that necessitates the ability to perform complex mathematical calculations. Astronomers conduct research using telescopes and other ground-based and space-launched equipment, such as the Hubble Space Telescope.

  • Zoology

Zoology is a branch of biology that studies animals and animal life, studies animal anatomy, physiology, development, and categorization. A zoologist is a scientist who specializes in animal research.

  • Chemist

A chemist is a scientist who studies the properties and reactions of chemicals. They investigate a wide range of chemical substances, both organic and inorganic. They conduct experiments on chemical substances in order to better understand their behavior, create new compounds, or improve existing ones. 

Their primary responsibilities include performing quality control checks on chemical experiments and reporting on test and analysis findings and conclusions.

  • Biotechnology

If you are interested in biology and are fascinated by the dynamics of technology, a Biotechnology course will pique your interest. 

Furthermore, combining Nanotechnology and Biotechnology courses opens up numerous career opportunities, particularly in research and academia. A BSc in Biotechnology or a BTech in Biotechnology can help you advance in this field.

  • Atmospheric Researchers

Atmospheric scientists are experts who study the atmosphere to understand better and solve problems ranging from severe storms and air pollution to droughts and the effects of climate change. 

Temperature, humidity, pressure, and wind speed are all collected by atmospheric scientists.

  • Geoscientists

Geoscientists study everything from how rocks are made to how earthquakes happen. Their work can range from theoretical studies to using their knowledge to find places to drill for oil. 

Different kinds of geoscientists may have very different goals. Some people work to protect or improve the environment, while others search for oil or other natural resources.

  • Spacetech

The application of engineering principles to the design, development, manufacturing, and operation of equipment and systems for use in space travel and exploration is what is known as space technology, also referred to as space tech.

  • Physicist

Physics studies explored the properties of matter, energy, and time. A few physicists usually conduct additional theoretical research to learn more about how the universe actually works. 

Others, on the other hand, conduct applied research in order to apply theoretical knowledge to actual processes or devices in order to improve the technology we use.

Top Scientist Recruiters in India

  • Deloitte

Since its founding in 1845, global consulting, financial advice, tax, audit, and enterprise risk services provider Deloitte has been a staple of the ‘Big Four’ associations. Data scientists at Deloitte engage in analytics initiatives ranging in scope and complexity.

A major part of their job is to help customers make sense of massive data sets by breaking them down into more manageable chunks. Do you get a kick out of simplifying complicated ideas? If so, you could fit in well with Deloitte in the role of Data Scientist.

  • LinkedIn

LinkedIn is a social networking service that allows its users to expand their professional network and is one of the most sought-after companies for data scientists. 

If you can spend hours decoding hidden insights from large amounts of data in order to help businesses make better decisions, this is the role for you!

  • Accenture

Accenture is the place to be if you enjoy defining strategies and delivering on them through the creative use of integrated data. The well-known global professional services provider is always on the lookout for capable data scientists to join their team.

  • Flipkart

Because of the company’s growing scale of business and the increasing amount of data, Flipkart, another e-commerce behemoth, has a high demand for data scientists. 

Flipkart’s data scientists work on key business insights to improve the Net Promoter Score. They generate and maintain data based on domain-specific information.

  • Sigmoid

Sigmoid is one of India’s fastest-growing product-based Big Data organizations. 

It is aimed at assisting businesses in making data-driven decisions on a petabyte scale by providing quick insights. Sigmoid was founded in 2013 and quickly rose to prominence in the field of advanced analytics. Sequoia Capital, experienced experts, and counselors support it.

  • MuSigma

MuSigma is headquartered in Chicago, Illinois, and bills itself as the largest provider of decision science and analytics solutions. It has offices all over the world, with its main delivery hub in Bangalore. 

As a Data Scientist at MuSigma, you would be responsible for analyzing data, refining and simplifying it, and finally evaluating the results. Sounds intriguing? Then you’re probably the right person for MuSigma’s analytics team!

  • Myntra

Myntra’s data scientists are in charge of measuring the company’s performance. They are also in charge of improving decision-making through the use of data science and advanced analytics. 

Myntra may be the place for you if you enjoy classifying, segregating, and maintaining data.

  • Amazon

One of the world’s largest e-commerce companies is also one of the top data science recruiters. Amazon uses data scientists in India for a variety of core operations, including supply chain optimization, fraud, and fake review detection, multivariate testing, inventory, and sales forecasting, advertising optimization, and HR analytics, to name a few. 

  • Citrix

This US-based multinational corporation provides a variety of services in India, including networking, cloud computing technology, and SaaS. 

Citrix undertakes a number of data science projects in order to gain a competitive advantage in the market by using data to promote decision-making and predict outcomes.

  •  Fractals Analysis 

When it comes to analytics service providers, Fractal Analytics takes the top spot in India. Fractal has an overall impression of serving Fortune 500 organizations in industries such as innovation, retail, and insurance, to name a few. 

If you are interested in providing custom-built analytics solutions for large aggregates across businesses, I am confident you will enjoy working with Fractal. Currently, the organization is actively recruiting data scientists for all its India offices.

Scientist Salary

Scientist₹ 1,500,000
Business Analyst₹ 800,000
Consultant₹ 780,605
Risk Analyst₹ 750,000
Data Analyst₹ 750,000
Professor₹ 626,400
Technical Analyst₹ 600,000
Analyst₹ 547,053
Operations Analyst₹ 500,000
Research Associate₹ 450,000

Pros & Cons of a Scientist

Pros of being a Scientist: 

  • Innovation 

Scientists are frequently given early access to new products, gadgets, and technologies before their creators make them public. This is because they are frequently involved in the process of developing new ideas and technology. 

A scientist, for example, may assist in determining the safety and efficiency of solar-powered cars before inventors release them to the general public.

  • Huge Salary

Because of the enormous amount of effort and hard work required to become a scientist, the position is highly respected. This is also why scientists typically have high earning potential. 

Many scientists can earn higher salaries as their careers progress. As a result, individuals seeking a job with high earning potential should consider a career in Science.

  • Contribute to the society

Scientists do a lot of research and experiments to help people understand the things they use every day, like metal or rubber. They do a lot of research to figure out how the materials in everyday products work, which helps them add safety information to the backs of those products. 

Cons of being a Scientist:

  • Safety Issues

When scientists do a lot of experiments, they often run into safety hazards at work, like materials that give off dangerous particles. Most of the time, these scientists know the risks that come with handling different materials and properties. 

Because they know about these risks, they can use their extensive knowledge of materials and how they interact with each other or how they behave in certain situations to make sure they are safe.

  • Long Hours at Work

A scientist often has to work long hours to do research and experiments. Even though the workdays can be long, they usually get paid well for what they do. A lot of their work involves learning new things about materials and making progress in their studies, which can make the long hours worth it. 

  • Extensive Job Requirements

It can be difficult to get a job as a scientist. Since they work with so many different kinds of materials, they usually need a lot of training and experience. 

There are a lot of great educational programs out there that can help you learn more about science. Getting this training and experience can help you prepare for your job as a scientist.

Future Scope as a Scientist in India

The field of science is an ever-growing one that will never be exhausted, and scientists are needed in every field in today’s world. 

We have compiled a list of various industries in which the role of the scientist is critical, which will be listed below:

  • Manufacturing Unit
  • Animal Care Centers
  • Research Institution/ Academic
  • Defense Research Organization
  • Mining Industry
  • R&D Center of Medical Firms
  • Pharmaceutical Industry
  • Food & Beverage Industry
  • Space Research Center


  1. Scientists conduct studies, research, and experiments to develop new methods of doing things, such as a better way to kill cancer cells using radiation without harming healthy cells in the human body.
  1. Types of Scientists: Biotechnologists, Botanists, Archaeologists, Ecologists, Marine Biologists, Neuroscientists, Paleontologists, and many more. 
  1. The Roles and Responsibilities of a Scientist are: 
  • Planning and Carrying out Experiments
  • Data Collection and Analysis
  • Carrying out fieldwork, such as sample collection, presenting findings to senior/other research staff, and writing research papers, reports, reviews, and summaries
  1. To become a scientist, candidates must hold a Bachelor’s Degree from a reputable university or college. 
  1. The top 7 Skills required to become a scientist are: 
    • Critical Thinking and Problem Solving
    • Communication
    • Business Acumen
    • Self-Motivation
    • Team Work 
    • Management Skills
    • Adaptability
  1. There are several prestigious institutes that provide undergraduate science and technology courses. These institutes frequently require you to pass the JEE (joint entrance examination).
  1. The field of science is an ever-growing one that will never be exhausted, and scientists are needed in every field in today’s world. 
  1. Scientists are frequently given early access to new products, gadgets, and technologies before their creators make them public. This is because they are frequently involved in the process of developing new ideas and technology. 


How To Become a Scientist after 12th? 

Candidates must hold a bachelor’s degree from a reputable university or college. Graduation in the field of science is required. Candidates must have a graduation grade point average of at least 60%. Candidates for master’s degrees must have a minimum score of 65%.

What Qualifications do you need to be a Scientist?

The following are the basic requirements for becoming a scientist:

  • Candidates must hold a bachelor’s degree from a reputable university or college.
  • Graduation in the field of science is required.
  • Candidates must have a graduation grade point average of at least 60%.
  • Candidates for master’s degrees must have a minimum score of 65%.
  • A doctorate degree can also be advantageous.

How Long does it take to become a Scientist?

Scientists typically complete 4 years of undergrad, 5 years of higher education, and 3 years of research for a total of 12 years of training. 

After completing your undergraduate education, you will most likely be given a stipend or paycheck to help you through the rest of your training.

Do Scientists Get Paid Well?

Senior data scientists in India can expect to make upwards of ₹1,700,000 per year once they’ve acquired sufficient experience and expertise.

Which Degree is Best for Scientists?

10 Best Bachelor of Science Degrees: 

  • Mathematics
  • Chemistry
  • Finance
  • Psychology
  • Business Administration
  • Computer Science
  • Information Technology
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Biology
  • Electrical Engineering

Is Scientist a Good Job?

Indeed, pursuing a career in science in India is a promising path to take. You may learn a lot and make a good living as a scientist by working for a reputable company like ISRO.

Is Becoming a Scientist Hard?

It all depends on the discipline you choose and how well you perform in that field. 

For some, science is extremely difficult, so becoming a scientist would be difficult as well. Science comes naturally to some people, so it would be easier for them.

What Scientist Makes Most Money?

Highest Paying Science Jobs:

RankFieldAverage Salary
2Clinical Research₹139,434
9Molecular Biology₹86,328

How to Become a Scientist in ISRO?

To become an ISRO space scientist, you must first complete an engineering or science program. ISRO typically seeks professionals with a master’s degree in mechanical, electrical, or computer engineering, as well as a Ph.D. in Astronomy, Physics, or Mathematics.

How to Become a Space Scientist? 

To become a space scientist after graduating from high school, you must enroll in a university that offers a course in your chosen field and pass some entrance exams. 

Later on, you will be required to complete a master’s degree in conjunction with your undergraduate studies.

How to become an Architect?

how to become architect

To become a licensed architect, students must first complete their professional degree in architecture.

When you first get your license, you’ll be in charge of tasks like applying for building permits, taking care of the day-to-day functions of projects, keeping track of project milestones, and talking to clients. 

Once you’re a registered architect with reasonable experience, you’ll be in charge of things like leading a team, juggling multiple projects, understanding complicated laws, making project budgets, keeping an eye on construction, and many more such things.

Who is an Architect? 

An architect is a licensed professional who drafts, draws, and plans to build structures. 

If you become an architect, your ultimate responsibilities will depend on what kind of company you work for, how senior you are, and what type of work you do.

Professional architects say there’s something magical about visualizing a structure, sketching it out on paper or in a computer, and then turning that vision into a reality.

Architecture is one of those fields that includes a wide range of career options due to very few focuses that fall under its domain.

Types of Architects

The various types of architects are: 

  1. Residential Architect
  2. Interior Architect  
  3. Landscape Architect
  4. Industrial Architect
  5. Conservation Architect 
  6. Sustainable / Green Design Architect 
  7. Commercial Architect
  8. Urban Designer

  • Residential Architect

Residential architects design homes for private construction companies or estate development firms. Although it is commonly regarded as a less prestigious option when compared to famous landmarks and skyscrapers, many renowned architects have also worked on residential properties. 

It is especially important for a residential architect to be familiar with local building codes and neighborhood restrictions in order to adapt their designs. 

Furthermore, because many designs are used in a variety of projects, it is critical that the designs be easily modified to accommodate a wide range of estate sizes and shapes. 

Residential architects are also the best choice for home additions.

  • Interior Architect  

An interior architect is in charge of making sure that the space is used to its full potential. They use modern construction and planning designs, as well as having a technical understanding of the space’s use case.

  • Landscape Architect

Landscape Architects are in high demand because many construction projects include green spaces such as parks and walkways. 

These professionals are experts in the design of outdoor spaces such as public gardens, golf courses, and orchards. They must be well-versed in horticulture because they will be in charge of which plants are used and where. 

It is crucial that they understand which plants will be suitable for the project’s climate, as well as how much space and maintenance each plant will require.

  • Industrial Architect

Industrial Architects are experts in designing functional and efficient buildings because they specialize in the design and construction of warehouses, factories, and data centers, among other things. 

An industrial architect is capable of integrating the necessary equipment and machinery in such a way that the final building can be used in the most efficient manner.

  • Conservation Architect 

Architecture encompasses not only the design of new structures but also the restoration and preservation of historic structures. It is critical that these structures be protected from the elements so that they can be enjoyed by future generations.

Conservation architects must understand how to maintain buildings while still honoring the period architecture of the historic building. 

Furthermore, there are numerous restrictions placed on listed buildings that the architect must understand and work within.

  •  Sustainable / Green Design Architect 

A growing number of businesses are considering the environmental impact of their construction and the amount of greenhouse gases produced during construction and operation. 

This is where a sustainable design and construction method comes into play. It is critical for sustainable architecture to have a thorough understanding of how to reduce a building’s environmental impact. 

This can range from the building’s construction methods and materials to its heating and lighting. As a result, a sustainable architect is likely to be far more involved in the building’s construction than other architects.

  • Commercial Architect

Most of the time, the most prestigious and well-known architects are the ones who design impressive highrise buildings that define a city. 

These commercial architects do have the chance to work on projects that could make or break their careers. But these projects are often in the public eye and involve working directly with the client. 

There is a lot more pressure because any mistakes can be just as bad for your career. Commercial architects have to think about both what the client wants and what the rules are for commercial properties, which are much stricter.

  • Urban Designer

In comparison to other types of architects, urban designers rarely work on a single building or project. They will instead work on city planning projects. 

This can include enhancing the existing city and its infrastructure in preparation for the development of a new district. 

An urban designer’s main focus will be on city zoning to ensure that housing, commercial, and industrial space are arranged in a sustainable and adequate infrastructure not only for current plans but also for future development.

What Do Architects Do? (Responsibility)

The roles and responsibilities of an architect are: 

  1. Project Discussion
  2. Documentation and Drawings
  3. Cost Estimation
  4. Contracts
  5. Construction Stage

  • Project Discussion

A client hires an architect to create a detailed design of a concept or idea that the client wishes to realize. 

Before the design is approved, meetings and discussions with various team members and engineering professionals take place. 

Client requirements, expected budget, site characteristics, safety, and local planning regulations are some of the topics that must be discussed during those meetings.

  • Documentation and Drawings

Architects are in charge of making detailed drawings and making sure that a project is possible. This was done by hand in the past, but modern software like BIM and CAD makes the process much faster. During this stage, the design is changed and redrawn several times to fit the client’s needs, the budget, and the rules.

The final blueprints show builders how to build the structure that was planned. This includes plans for all of the building’s mechanical, electrical, and structural systems. 

Along with the plans, there are other technical documents that need to be made, such as design instructions and technical specifications for contractors. 

After the final design comes the contract proposal, which lets you figure out how much the project will cost and how long it will take.

  • Cost Estimation

Estimating costs at different stages of a project lets you keep a better handle on the budget. Architects can see the whole structure of a building and come up with creative designs and ideas for the building industry. However, these designs also need a structural design and MEP installations.

Architects and engineers should be careful not to underestimate the cost of materials and the time it takes to build something. This helps them make accurate estimates of costs. 

Architects can be in charge of estimating the cost of a whole building or just a part of it, like landscaping. In either case, the amount of detail they give depends on how much work they are doing.

  • Contracts 

Architects can assist with contract negotiations and may recommend and select contractors for various activities. After receiving all tenders, the architect conducts analysis reports, and the results are compared to the client’s expectations and budget.

  • Construction Stage

When construction begins, the architect will conduct site visits and meetings, negotiate contracts, and deal with and resolve any problems that may arise. Some of the documentation that occurs during the construction phases will necessitate the architect’s signature and approval.

Eligibility to Become an Architect

Students seeking admission to the Bachelor of Architecture program must meet specific eligibility requirements. 

The steps for meeting the eligibility criteria are as follows:

  1. Students applying for B. Arch must have completed 10+2 with mathematics as the main subject from a recognized board.
  1. Students must have received at least 50% in their most recent qualifying exam.
  1. Students who have completed a diploma in a relevant subject from a recognized university with at least 50% aggregate marks may also apply for B. Arch.

Skills Required to Become an Architect

Architects Must Have These Ten Skills: 

  1. Design Skills
  2. Numerical Skills 
  3. Creative Skills
  4. Communication Skills
  5. Legal Understanding
  6. Teamwork Skills
  7. Artistic Skills
  8. Problem-Solving Skills
  9. Visualization Skills
  10. Leadership and Management Skills

  • Design Skills

Designing is a crucial architecture skill that you must have.

To create models, drawings, and buildings, you should be skilled at design. You must have a solid understanding of design processes for this and thus meet your client’s needs.

  • Numerical Skills 

A numerical skill is an important skill that you must have as an architect.

Architecture is all about mathematics; you must understand numerical principles, geometry, and advanced algebra.

  • Creative Skills

The next important skill that you must possess is creativity. You will need to come up with different yet unique building ideas, just like in architecture.

You will benefit greatly from your creative abilities and make them a reality.

However, becoming creative is a slow process that requires you to be inspired by various ideas until you come up with something unique.

  • Communication Skills

Communication skills are essential in any field.

You will need to communicate with your clients, lawyers, construction manager, and others as an architect. And if you are bad at communicating, it will be difficult for you to convey your message, close deals with your clients, and so on.

  • Legal Understanding

Legal knowledge is also essential. Of course, you are free to come up with amazing construction ideas.

However, having a great idea is useless if it does not help in building codes, regulations, and policies.

Architecture should be aware of all building codes and policies and develop ideas solely around them.

  • Teamwork Skills

As an architect, you will have to work with others. It doesn’t matter if you want to work for someone else or start your own business.

If you are not a good team player, you will fall behind. You cannot handle or consider everything as a single person.

As a result, you will need to collaborate with others.

  • Artistic Skills

You should also be artistic. Architecting is all about design, and you will need to sit down and draw something at some point.

It makes no difference whether you use CAD software or pen and paper for the job. 

And, because you have artistic skills, you will know which process and methods to use to design what you intend to design, as well as how to scale the design accurately.

  • Problem-Solving Skills

Problem-solving abilities are also required. You will encounter numerous problems throughout your career, whether they are design-related, legal-related, or otherwise. 

It would be best if you were quick and efficient enough to deal with any problems that arise.

  • Visualization Skills

When your client gives you a brief of what they want, you should start imagining what the project should look like. 

Visualization is an extremely important skill for art and design professionals to have. 

As a result, when you sit down to begin drawing the project, you will have an idea of how it should look. Of course, you will need to make changes from time to time. 

However, if you can visualize correctly, you will be able to create fantastic designs.

  • Leadership and Management Skills

One of the most important skills an architect must have is leadership and management.

Your job as an architect is to create a design, explain it to your clients, and persuade them that it is the best.

You will also have to collaborate with junior architects and technicians. And having basic leadership skills will be highly beneficial. 

So you can ensure that the people around you are listening to you and that you are completing the project as you predicted.

How to Become an Architect? – Step-by-Step Guide

Here’s a step-by-step guide to help you:

  • After the 10th grade, opt for Science Stream.

If you want to be an architect, start right from high school.

After 10th grade, you must enter the science stream and choose mathematics as a major because construction planning requires numerous mathematical principles.

Architects must understand construction physics. Drawing helps with designing paper constructions.

  • Complete a Bachelor’s Degree

After high school, obtain a B. Arch.

The B.Arch is a 5-year program that teaches students the skills and knowledge needed to be an architect.

The course includes both theoretical and practical modules, resulting in highly qualified architects.

In addition to the standard BArch degree, you can also choose from specialized architecture bachelor’s degree programs such as:

  • Bachelor’s in Engineering and Architectural Design
  • Bachelor of Engineering in Landscape Architecture
  • BSc/BA in Architecture Technology & Construction Management
  • BA (Hons) in Interior Architecture & Design

The minimum requirement for a bachelor’s degree in architecture is 10+2, and if you plan to apply to Indian universities, you will also need to pass the NATA exam or another university-specific exam. 

Students who wish to pursue these courses abroad must also have a valid score on required exams such as the ACT or SAT, as well as English proficiency exams such as TOEFL or IELTS.

  • Apply for a Job as an Architect

After passing the Architect Registration Examination and becoming licensed, you can apply to work as an architect. 

You can work for a company, a private practice, or in the field where you interned.

  • Improve your skills by participating in training programs.

Before becoming a professional architect, all architects must complete a mandatory internship period (included in bachelor’s and master’s degree programs). 

You will be required to work under a professional architect not only to gain exposure to all aspects of construction but also to gain experience as an architect.

  • Become a Registered/Licensed Architect

The final and most important step is to register as a professional architect or obtain a license. 

Although you can work as an architect without a license in some countries after completing a bachelor’s degree in this field, getting a license opens up more job opportunities on a global scale. 

In India, an architect must register with The Council Of Architecture (COA) and obtain a certificate from a recognized university before practicing. 

  • Acquire Professional Certifications

In addition to the Architect Registration Examination, the National Council of Architectural Registration Boards provides extra-national certification. 

While not required, this qualification may help you apply for architecture jobs in multiple states and demonstrate your professional abilities and expertise.

  • Complete a Master’s Degree

The next step in how to become an architect step-by-step guide is to pursue a master’s degree. 

If you want to pursue a higher-level qualification after graduation, you can pursue a Master’s in Architecture (M.Arch) degree or a specialized master’s level Architecture program. 

While many BArch graduates choose to seek employment after completing their bachelor’s degree, pursuing a postgraduate degree will allow you to gain expertise and specialize in a specific field.

Top Colleges/Institutes in India for Architects

Bachelor of Architecture Top Colleges in India: 

College NameAverage Fee (INR)
Indian Institute of Technology, Mumbai3,98,000
Panjab University, Chandigarh4,08,000
Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi1,48,709
School of Planning & Architecture, New Delhi1,02,000
Government College of Architecture & Sculpture, Malappuram
Government College of Architecture, Lucknow54,000
Government Engineering College, Trichur22,150
Ashoka Group of Institution75,000
GITAM school of technology2,90,000
BGS School of Architecture & Planning3,25,000
Trinity College of Architecture1,27,000
LJ School of Architecture3,20,000
SAL School of Architecture97,000
INDUS University1,17,000
SAL School of Architecture97,000
NIRMA University2,29,000
CEPT University3,20,000

Architect Salary in India (Fresher, Mid-Level, Experienced)

Here is the salary chart of Architect in India along with the job profiles: 

Job profileSalary (per annum)
Data AnalystINR 3,96,128
Architecture designerINR 3,53,368
Architecture engineerINR 3,00,000
Interior designerINR 5,00,000
Architecture draftsmanINR 3,44,450
Staff consultantINR 11,28,850
Technical assistantINR 2,85,502
Project assistantINR 3,02,715
Architectural assistantINR 2,08,700
Building contractorINR 5,50,000
Landscape architectINR 3,82,416
Art directorINR 3,76,800

Benefits of an Architect as a Career

The Benefits of an Architect as a Career are:

  1. It’s an exciting and fast-paced career
  2. Interesting and creative work
  3. The field attracts people who are passionate and like-minded
  4. You have the ability to have an impact on the city and the people around you
  5. Respected career
  6. There is a lot of focus on travel

  • It’s an exciting and fast-paced career

The field of architecture is dynamic because technologies and techniques are constantly evolving. 

Architects must continuously educate themselves in order to stay current in their field, which is both challenging and exciting. 

An architect’s workday can be varied, with some days spent in the office, others spent visiting clients, and still, others spent on the job site.

  • Interesting and creative work

Architecture is a creative field that necessitates a high level of vision and expression. Seeing your vision and creativity come to life in your work can be extremely rewarding. 

It’s incredibly satisfying to leave your creative imprint on a building, town, or even a city.

  • The field attracts people who are passionate and like-minded

Architects who have a unique perspective on the world with a strong appreciation for buildings, landscapes, and how architecture defines each city. 

If you get excited when you see a new structure and your favorite thing to do in a new city is looking at the architecture, this could be the field for you.

  • You have the ability to have an impact on the city and the people around you

The influence of architecture is noticeable. You can see the structures and how they serve the city right in front of your eyes. 

This impact is not only visible, but it can also last centuries and become part of a city’s historical identity.

  • Respected career

Becoming an architect is a complex but rewarding process. Architects are highly respected for their work and play an essential role in modern society.

  • There is a lot of focus on travel

Architects tend to travel a lot. It is very important for architects to understand how architecture looks in different countries and cultures. 

The more you’ve traveled and seen different styles of architecture and how they work in different cities, the better.

Disadvantages of an Architect as a Career

Disadvantages of an Architect as a Career:

  1. Less Paycheck 
  2. You will be required to work long hours.
  3. Stationary Costs
  4. When you graduate, you are less likely to get a job.
  5. You will receive extensive training.
  6. The responsibility can be stressful.

  • Less Paycheck 

The majority of architects still do not make as much as those in other professions, despite the fact that becoming an architect often requires years of study and training.

  • You will be required to work long hours.

This is not a job that ends every day at 5 o’clock. Even while you’re still in college, you’ll have to get used to working long hours. Getting what you want out of a project usually takes more than one try.

  • Stationary Costs

An architect may use four types of tools on a daily basis to complete a project: drawing tools, measuring tools, cutting tools, and computer software. 

Meeting such costs day in and day out is mostly overwhelming on architects’ pockets.   

  • When you graduate, you are less likely to get a job.

It can be difficult to find work after college, just like it can be challenging to find work anywhere else. Companies that are struggling cannot afford to hire architects to design buildings for them. 

It all depends on the financial stability of the community in which you wish to reside.

  • You will receive extensive training.

Between four years in an undergraduate program and a few more in an internship, it will take about eight years before you can start working as an architect full-time. A lot of time and money are needed to become an architect.

  • The responsibility can be stressful.

Architects can face a lot of pressure to create beautiful structures that do everything they are supposed to do. This can sometimes make the job more stressful. However, all worthwhile things come with their own level of urgency.

Future Scope of Architect

In India, the scope of architecture is expanding. However, one cannot expect a good package if he leaves after completion. 

The current trend is that after finishing architecture, a student can get a job in an architecture firm for a salary ranging from ₹15k to ₹20k per month.

After gaining enough experience and confidence, you will need to start your own firm.


  1. An architect is a licensed professional who drafts, draws, and plans to build structures. 
  1. The various types of Architect are: 
  • Residential Architects
  • Interior Architects  
  • Landscape Architects
  • Industrial Architect
  • Conservation Architect 
  • Sustainable / Green Design Architect 
  • Commercial Architect,
  • Urban Designer
  1. The roles and responsibilities of an architect are: 
  • Project Discussion
  • Documentation and Drawings
  • Cost Estimation
  • Contracts
  • Construction Stage
  1. Students applying for B. Arch must have completed 10+2 with mathematics as the main subject from a recognized board.
  1. Architects Must Have These Ten Skills: 
  • Design Skills
  • Numerical Skills
  • Creative Skills
  • Communication Skills
  • Legal Understanding
  • Teamwork Skills
  • Artistic Skills
  • Problem-Solving Skills
  • Visualization Skills
  • Leadership and Management Skills
  1. The Benefits of an Architect as a Career are:
  • It’s an exciting and fast-paced career
  • Interesting and creative work
  • The field attracts people who are passionate and like-minded
  • You have the ability to have an impact on the city and the people around you
  • Respected career
  • There is a lot of focus on travel
  1. Disadvantages of an Architect as a Career are:
  • Less Paycheck 
  • You will be required to work long hours.
  • Stationary Costs
  • When you graduate, you are less likely to get a job.
  • You will receive extensive training.
  • The responsibility can be stressful.
  1. In India, the scope of architecture is expanding.


How To Become An Architect In India After the 12th? 

After finishing 12th, you should pursue a Bachelor of Architecture (B. Arch) degree. It can be: 

  • Bachelor’s in Engineering and Architectural Design.
  • Bachelor of Engineering in Landscape Architecture.
  • BSc/BA in Architecture Technology & Construction Management.
  • BA (Hons) in Interior Architecture & Design.

Which Stream To Choose After 10th For Architecture?

It is recommended to do a 10+2 Science (Mathematics) stream and then appears for an entrance exam NATA. Then, you can take up a Bachelor of Architecture (B. Arch). 

You could also get a Diploma after class 10th and then eventually move on to architecture engineering.

How To Get an Architect License In India?

The first and most obvious step is to become a member of the Council of Architecture (COA) and obtain a certificate from a recognized university. 

Documents must be attested by a Gazetted Officer or Notary Public/Oath Commissioner, or they must be self-attested.

Do You Need Art For Architecture?

Art, Art History, or Design and Technology would also be beneficial, and Physics is excellent preparation for the engineering aspects of studying Architecture.

How Much Do Architects Earn In India?

In India, the average monthly salary for an architect is ₹23,636.

Does Architecture Have Scope In India?

In India, the scope of architecture is expanding. Initially, the profession was highly underrated. 

What Qualifications Do You Need To Become An Architect?

Students applying for B. Arch must have completed 10+2 with mathematics as the main subject from a recognized board.

Students must have received at least 50% in their most recent qualifying exam.

Students who have completed a diploma in a relevant subject from a recognized university with at least 50% aggregate marks may also apply for B. Arch.

How Many Years Will It Take To Be An Architect?

With the necessary amounts of education and hands-on work experience, an ideal being will take 8 to 11 years of his/her life to be a successful architect.

Is It Hard To Be An Architect?

Architecture is a difficult profession that requires a lot of effort. Architects who are successful have all made enormous sacrifices and worked extremely hard to get there.

Does An Architect Get Paid Well?

In India, the average monthly salary for a Junior Architect is ₹17,458.

A mid-career Architect with 4-9 years of experience earns an average salary of ₹9.3 Lakhs per year.

An experienced Architect with 10-20 years of experience earns an average salary of ₹27.1 Lakhs per year. 

Do Architects Work 9 To 5?

Architects work 40-hour weeks and frequently work overtime and on weekends to meet deadlines.

Is an Architect A Good Career?

Architecture is a viable career option in India, but there are numerous factors to be considered before pursuing it. First and foremost, much groundwork must be completed. Only after many years of professional work can one become proficient.

How to become an Ethical Hacker?

how to become an ethical hacker

The term “hacker” now carries a negative connotation. A hacker was simply a highly skilled and creative computer specialist in the early days of programming and development. Breaking into a system, especially a highly secure system, necessitates a great deal of knowledge.

An ethical hacker attempts to break into systems and networks using a variety of programming skills and tools. They fix the weaknesses and flaws they discover once they have successfully breached the system.

Ethical hackers, as opposed to criminal hackers, work with organizations to improve their security. They use their abilities to improve the security of systems and networks rather than exploit them.

What is Ethical Hacking?

Ethical hacking is the legal practice of detecting vulnerabilities in an application, system, or organization’s infrastructure and circumventing system security to identify potential data breaches and network threats. 

Ethical hackers look for bugs in the system or network that malicious hackers can exploit or destroy. They can enhance the security footprint to better withstand or divert attacks.

They gather and analyze data to determine how to improve the security of the system/network/applications. They can improve the security footprint in this way, allowing it to better withstand or divert attacks.

Organizations hire ethical hackers to investigate the vulnerabilities of their systems and networks and develop solutions to prevent data breaches.

Types of Hackers

Computers have taken over a large portion of our lives, all of our data has been transferred from records and ledgers to computers. 

While this type of shift in working has reduced the physical burden on employees, it has also increased the likelihood of data theft. Hackers are knowledgeable individuals with malicious intent who steal data or cause harm to systems. 

There are various types of hackers. Let’s have a look:  

  • White Hat / Ethical Hackers
  • Black Hat Hackers
  • Gray Hat Hackers
  • Script Kiddies
  • Green Hat Hackers
  • Blue Hat Hackers
  • Red Hat Hackers
  • State/Nation Sponsored Hackers
  • Hacktivist
  • Malicious insider or Whistleblower
  • White Hat Hackers

White hat hackers are professional hackers who specialize in cybersecurity. They hack the system by exploiting flaws in the organization’s cybersecurity.

This hacking is carried out in order to assess the level of cybersecurity in the organization. This allows them to identify weak points and fix them in order to avoid external attacks. 

White Hat hackers follow the rules and regulations established by the government. Ethical hackers are another term for white hat hackers.

  • Black Hat Hackers

Black Hat Hackers are knowledgeable computer experts who have the wrong motive. They attack other systems to gain unauthorized access to systems. If they gain access, they may steal data or destroy the system.

The hacking techniques employed by these types of hackers are determined by the individual’s hacking capacity and knowledge. Because of the hacker’s intentions, the hacker is a criminal. The malicious action intent of the individual, as well as the extent of the breach while hacking, cannot be determined.

  • Gray Hat Hackers

When categorizing a hacker, the intention behind the hack is taken into account. Gray hat hackers fall somewhere between black and white hat hackers. They are not certified, hackers. 

These hackers can either have good or bad intentions. The hacking could be for their benefit. The purpose of hacking determines the type of hacker. If the goal is personal gain, the hacker is classified as a gray hat hacker.

  • Script Kiddies

The Script Kiddies are novice hackers. They hack systems using scripts created by other hackers. They attempt to hack into systems, networks, or websites. 

The goal of hacking is simply to draw the attention of their peers. Script Kids are minors who are unaware of the hacking process.

  • Green Hat Hackers

Green hat hackers are individuals who are still learning the intricacies of hacking. Their motivation differs slightly from that of the Script Kiddies.

They put in the effort to become fully-fledged hackers. They are looking for opportunities to learn from experienced hackers.

  • Blue Hat Hackers

Blue Hat Hackers, like Script Kiddies, are types of hackers who gain popularity among their fellow beings by using hacking as a weapon. The desire to learn is lacking.

They use hacking to resolve disputes with their opponents. Blue Hat Hackers are dangerous not because of their knowledge but because of their intent.

  • Red Hat Hackers

Red Hat Hackers are associated with Eagle-Eyed Hackers. They are similar to white hackers. The red hat hackers plan to thwart the black hat hackers’ attack. 

The only difference between red-hat and white-hat hackers is that they both hack with the same intent.

Red hat hackers are ruthless when it comes to dealing with black hat hackers or combating malware.

The red hat hackers continue to attack, and it is possible that the entire system configuration will have to be replaced.

  • State/Nation Sponsored Hackers

The government hires hackers to gather information on other countries. These hackers are referred to as State/Nation sponsored hackers. 

They seek sensitive information in order to be well-prepared for potential threats to their country.

The sensitive information not only keeps you on top of every situation, but it also keeps you safe. They only provide information to their respective governments.

  • Hacktivist

These hackers intend to compromise government websites. They pose as activists, which is known as a hacktivist. 

Hacktivists can be individuals or groups of nameless hackers with the goal of gaining access to government websites and networks. 

Data obtained from accessed government files are used for personal, political, or social gain.

  • Malicious insider or Whistleblower

Whistleblowers are individuals working in an organization who can expose confidential information.

The motivation for the exposure could be a personal vendetta against the organization, or the individual could have discovered illegal activities within the organization. 

Eligibility Criteria

To become an ethical hacker, you must have a Bachelor’s degree, namely: BSc, BTech, BE, or BCA in Information Technology or Computer Science. 

With an advanced diploma in network security, you may pursue a career in ethical hacking. 

A certification from a reputable institute increases your chances of being hired by some of the biggest names in the IT industry.

Skills Required

To hack effectively, an ethical hacker should be well-versed in all systems, networks, program codes, security measures, and so on. 

Some of the skills required to become an ethical hacker are mentioned below: 

  • Programming Knowledge is required for security professionals working in application security and the Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC).
  • Knowledge of Scripting is required for professionals dealing with network-based and host-based attacks.
  • Networking Skills are important because most threats originate on networks. You should be aware of all devices on the network, how they are linked, and how to detect if they are compromised.
  • Understanding Databases is critical because most attacks target databases. You will be able to effectively inspect database operations if you are familiar with database management systems such as SQL.
  • Knowledge of Multiple Platforms, such as Windows, Linux, and Unix is crucial. 
  • The ability to work with various hacking tools on the market.
  • Understanding of search engines and servers.

How Do Ethical Hacking Work

The goal of ethical hacking is to identify vulnerabilities in target systems, networks, or system infrastructure.

The process entails identifying and attempting to exploit vulnerabilities in order to determine whether unauthorized access or other malicious activities are possible.

Ethical hackers must follow certain guidelines. A good hacker understands his or her responsibilities and follows all ethical guidelines. 

Here are the most important Ethical Hacking rules:

  • An ethical hacker must first obtain permission from the system’s owner. Before performing any security assessment on the system or network, hackers should obtain full approval.
  • Determine the scope of their assessment and inform the organization of their plan.
  • Any security flaws or vulnerabilities discovered in the system or network should be reported.
  • Keep their discoveries private. Because their goal is to secure the system or network, ethical hackers should sign and follow a non-disclosure agreement.
  • After checking the system for vulnerabilities, remove all traces of the hack. It prevents malicious hackers from infiltrating the system via the identified flaws.

How to Become an Ethical Hacker? Step-by-Step Guide

If you have no prior experience in Computer Science, getting a degree is the best way to become an Ethical Hacker. 

You may:

  1. Seek IT Security Certification
  2. Enroll in a four-year computer science degree program, or 
  3. Enroll in a two-year program explicitly focused on IT analysis and security.

Step 1

  1. After completing a 10+2 class with Math and Physics as the main subjects, the aspirant must apply for a degree or diploma course in Computer Science, Information Science, or a related information technology field. Many private and public engineering institutes provide this service.
  1. However, some prestigious institutes with limited seats, such as Thapar Engineering College, PEC, BITS Pilani, and all IITs, may admit candidates based on their performance in entrance exams such as the Joint Entrance Exam, etc.
  1. Apart from this, candidates interested in this field who do not have a formal degree can pursue Ethical Hacking Certifications.

Step 2

Aspiring professionals can apply for vacancies in commercial and non-commercial organizations dealing in computer system security design, internet service providers, and related services firms after graduating or being certified in information security and system administration.


A degree in Computer Science or Network Engineering is a good starting point for a career in Ethical Hacking. It is better to look out for a Bachelor’s degree in Cybersecurity and prioritize programs with a strong interdisciplinary focus.

The requirements for ethical hacking vary. While many employers are willing to hire self-taught programmers without a degree, an ethical hacker must be exceptionally skilled in order to be hired without one. Much of ethical hacking necessitates formal knowledge of the systems and processes used in networking and security.

But that doesn’t make it necessary. 

You may be wondering, “How can I become an ethical hacker if I don’t have any education?” It is possible to get a job without formal education if you have significant experience in the IT industry and can demonstrate your skills. 

At the very least, you should pursue certification in the technologies with which you work the most frequently.

Work on Coding Languages

If you want to master Ethical Hacking in 2022, learn these top 10 Programming Languages:

  • Python

Python is a dynamic programming language that ethical hackers use to efficiently script their on-demand hacking programs. 

From testing the authenticity of corporate servers to detecting impending threats to automating the hacking process, Python has turned out to be the safest programming language for hackers. 

  • Java

Java is a popular programming language that is widely used in IT tasks and by professionals. 

This programming language has a low implementation dependency; as a result, it is widely used by enterprises for ethical hacking and tracking the risks of potential future threats.

  • JavaScript

JavaScript has recently emerged as the most effective programming language for securing web applications. 

This programming language is commonly used by security professionals because it can manipulate both front-end and back-end web components. 

JavaScript is used by professionals to hack complex web applications.

  • C

The C programming language is regarded as the holy grail of modern programming languages that are widely used in industry. C’s low-level nature gives it an advantage over other programming languages because it can be used for hack programming on low-level hardware components such as RAM. 

Penetration testers can also use the language to write exponentially fast socket programming scripts. In addition, experienced security professionals use C to simulate library hijacking attacks.

  • Perl

Perl is a scripting language that can be used to perform a variety of tasks. Perl is used by system administrators and network programmers for a variety of tasks, most notably network routing. 

Professionals can also enhance existing scripts to send copies of information to different locations in order to disseminate information about data theft attempts and other similar activities.

  • PHP 

PHP, or Hypertext Processor, is a dynamic programming language widely used in web and mobile applications. CMSs such as WordPress or Drupal power the majority of websites on the internet. 

PHP integration on these websites can detect vulnerable networks. Understanding and deploying this hacking programming language is required for professionals who want to create server hacking programs.

  • C++

C++ is without a doubt one of the most effective programming languages for hacking corporate software. This language can provide the low level of access required to analyze machine code and ignore such bypass schemes. 

Industry professionals who want to crack any industry software or even build an efficient hacking program for personal use should learn C++ programming.

  • Ruby

Ruby is a web-focused programming language that ranks high in terms of hacking multi-purpose corporate systems. 

Professionals can use Ruby to easily automate programs and provide extreme flexibility when writing scripts for hack programming. 

Furthermore, the language allows for greater efficiency when writing functional codes and chain commands.

  • SQL

SQL is one of the most important and popular programming languages among ethical hackers. SQL, or Structured Query Language, is a database querying and retrieval language. 

Professionals will be unable to counteract database attacks unless they have a thorough understanding of SQL.

  • Bash 

Since Bash is the default command shell for Unix and Linux distributions, it is critical for ethical hacking. Bash allows security professionals to gain access to a system, navigate through different directories, and perform configurations to increase the network’s security privileges.

Top Institutions and colleges for ethical hacking in India

  • Hindustan Institute of Technology and Science, Chennai

M. Tech. (IT with specialization in Ethical Hacking)

Duration: 2 years

Fees: 2. 38 lacs INR

  • National Institute of Electronics and Information Technology, Srinagar

Certified Ethical Hacking Course

Duration: 2 months

Fees: 10,000 INR

  • National Institute of Electronics and Information Technology, Mohali

Certified Ethical Hacking

Duration: 6 months

Fees: 35,000

  • Indian Institute of Hardware Technology, Chennai

Certified Ethical Hacking

Duration: 45 days

Salary of an Ethical Hacker

Ethical Hacking Job RolesSalary per Annum
Ethical Hacker5.02 LPA to 40 LPA
Network Security Engineer2.47 LPA to 10 LPA
Cyber Security Analyst3 LPA to 10 LPA
Penetration Tester6 LPA to 20 LPA
Information Security Manager16 LPA to 30 LPA
Cyber Security Engineer2.8 LPA to 20 LPA
Security Consultant3.1 LPA to 20 LPA


  1. Ethical hacking is the legal practice of detecting vulnerabilities in an application, system, or organization’s infrastructure and circumventing system security to identify potential data breaches and network threats. 
  2. There are various types of hackers. 
  • White Hat / Ethical Hackers
  • Black Hat Hackers
  • Gray Hat Hackers
  • Script Kiddies
  • Green Hat Hackers
  • Blue Hat Hackers
  • Red Hat Hackers
  • State/Nation Sponsored Hackers
  • Hacktivist
  • Malicious insider or Whistleblower
  1. To become an ethical hacker, you must have a Bachelor’s degree (BSc, BTech, BE, BCA) in Information Technology or Computer Science. 
  2. To hack effectively, an ethical hacker should be well-versed in all systems, networks, program codes, security measures, and so on. 
  3. The objective of ethical hacking is to assess the security of target systems, networks, or system infrastructure and identify vulnerabilities. 


What qualifications do I need to be an ethical hacker?

After graduation/certification and learning Information security and system administration, aspiring professionals can apply for jobs in commercial and non-commercial organizations, Internet service providers, and related services enterprises.

Can I become an ethical hacker?

An ethical hacker candidate must be able to demonstrate advanced cybersecurity technical skills. A desirable experience includes the ability to recommend mitigation and remediation strategies. 

What is the salary of an ethical hacker?

In India, the average ethical hacking salary is INR 5.02 lakh per year. Pay in this field can range from INR 40 lakh to INR 40 lakh per year, depending on experience, skills, and other factors.

How long does it take to become an ethical hacker?

Depending on your level of experience and expertise, becoming an ethical hacker can take anywhere from a few months to a few years.

What jobs can hackers get?

Ethical Hacking Career Prospects: 

  • Ethical Hacking Career Scope
  • Information Security Analyst.
  • Cyber Security Analyst.
  • Security Engineer.
  • Penetration Tester.
  • Security Analyst.
  • Information Security Manager.
  • Cyber Security Engineer.

Can I become a hacker without a degree?

Most jobs in ethical hacking require a bachelor’s degree in computer science, information systems, software engineering, cyber security, or a closely related field. 

While many employers are willing to hire self-taught programmers without a degree, an ethical hacker must be exceptionally skilled in order to be hired without one.

What code do hackers use?

JavaScript is currently one of the best programming languages for hacking web applications. 

Understanding JavaScript enables hackers to identify vulnerabilities and carry out web exploitation because most web applications use JavaScript or its libraries.

Are hackers good programmers?

All good hackers are strong programmers who understand the inner workings of the system far better than the average programmer.

How many programming languages do hackers know?

PHP, C, C+, SQL, Python, and Ruby are the most common programming languages used by ethical hackers.

How To Become An Income Tax Officer? (Complete Guide)

how to become an income tax officer

These days, young people are primarily interested in working for the government. Following graduation, they begin looking for government jobs that match their skill set or preferences. 

One of those government jobs is that of an Income Tax Officer (ITO). The most prestigious job offered by the central government through examinations is that of an income tax officer.

In this article, you will learn about “How to Become an Income Tax Officer in India,” eligibility criteria, exams, the role of an income tax officer, and many more. 

Read the article completely to understand the entire process of becoming an income tax officer.

Who Is An Income Tax Officer?

The Income Tax Officer, often known as the ITO, works for the Income Tax department of the Indian government. The Central Board of Direct Taxes is in charge of this position.

ITO is a position that is supposed to be respectful, but it also instills fear in the public. Especially for those who conceal their income from the government and avoid paying taxes. 

Whatever black money the ITO seizes is used to run government institutions. If an individual, organization, or business, fails to file their ITR or files the incorrect ITR, the ITO has the authority to raid their account. 

How To Become An Income Tax Officer?

To become an income tax officer, the first thing you must do is complete your bachelor’s degree. Then there are two major examinations in India: the SSC CGL Examination and the JEE Main Examination.  

The SSC CGL exam is held for Grade B and Grade C inspectors for the central government’s department of income tax. 

We will walk you through the eligibility criteria, examination structure, and selection process that will lead you to your dream.

Let’s get started. 

Get a bachelor’s degree

To become an ITO, any graduate must pass the SSC-CGL exam. This exam consists of two parts: a written examination and an interview, followed by physical and medical fitness tests.

Meet the eligibility criteria

To become an IPO,  you must pass the SSC-CGL exam. Also, make sure to meet the following requirements. 

  • Qualification: To become an ITO, you must have a bachelor’s degree from any university and from any stream.
  • Age: To apply for the position of Income Tax Inspector through the SSC-CGL exam, you must be between the ages of 18 and 27.
  • Income Tax Officer Age Relaxation Criteria:  Only those in the Reserve category are eligible for Age Relaxation in this exam. 

The criteria for age relaxation is that – Schedule caste, schedule tribe, and PWD candidates get 10 years of age relaxation, while OBC candidates get 3 years.

Apply for the SSC-CGL exam

The online registration process for the SSC CGL 2022 Exam began on September 17, 2022. Now, you can apply online for the SSC CGL 2022 exam by clicking on this link

Aspirants will be selected for the main examination after passing the SSC CGL or Preliminary exam. 

In the preliminary exam, 100 questions from General Intelligence and General Awareness are asked over the course of two hours, and 100 questions from Arithmetic are asked over the course of two hours.

Write the tier I exam

Understanding the SSC CGL Exam pattern is essential so that candidates have a clear picture of the types of questions that may be asked in the exam. 

The SSC CGL Tier 1 exam is a computer-based objective test (CBT) that is administered online. 

The following are some important facts about the SSC CGL Tier 1 exam.

  • The question will be multiple choice, with four options available and candidates required to select one correct answer.
  • There will be questions both in English and Hindi. Only the English section will have questions in Hindi.
  • Tier 1 exams are divided into four sections: General Intelligence and Reasoning, General Awareness, Quantitative Aptitude, and English Comprehension.
  • There are no sectional breaks. Tier 1 marks will be totaled.

Note A: Objective Type, Multiple Choice Questions will be included in Tier I.

Note B: Except for English Comprehension, the questions will be set in both English and Hindi.

Note C: For each incorrect answer, 0.50 (14) will be deducted.

Aspirants should be aware that there is no penalty for questions that are not attempted. If they are unsure of the correct answer, it is better not to attempt the questions than to give the incorrect answer, which may result in a mark deduction. 

Candidates must meet the Tier 1 SSC CGL Cut Off to be shortlisted for Tier 2. 

The cut-off is released shortly after the examination is completed successfully. Candidates can review the SSC CGL Tier 1 Analysis to better understand the exam pattern and the difficulty level of the questions.

Write the tier II exam

Paper 1, Paper 2, and Paper 3 will make up the SSC CGL Tier-2 test, which will be broken down into these sections.

Paper I is the mandatory exam for all positions, Paper II is taken by candidates applying for Junior Statistical Officer (JSO) positions in the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, and Paper III is taken by candidates applying for Assistant Audit Officer or Assistant Accounts Officer positions.

Note A: Each incorrect answer will be deducted one mark in Section-I, Section-II, and Module-I of Section-III of Paper-I, and 0.50 marks in Paper-II and Paper-III.

Note B: Candidates who qualify for scribe will be given an additional 20 minutes for a total of one hour.

Note C: Paper-I is required for all positions. Paper II is only for JSO positions, while Paper III is only for Assistant Account Officer and Assistant Audit Officer positions.

Note D: Except for the DEST Test, Tier II will consist of Objective Type, Multiple Choice Questions.

SSC CGL Tier II- Paper 1 Exam Pattern SSC CGL Tier II- Paper 1 Exam Pattern For Session 1 of Paper 1 of SSC CGL Exam Pattern

SSC CGL Exam Pattern Session 2 of Paper 1

There will be one mark deducted for each incorrect answer in Section-I, Section-II, and Module-I of Section-III of Paper-I, and 0.50 mark deducted for each incorrect answer in Computer, Paper-II, and Paper-III.

Note I: In Session II on the same day, Module II of Section-III of Paper-I will include a 15-minute Data Entry Speed Test (DEST).

Note II: The “Data Entry Speed Test” (DEST) Skill Test will be administered for a total of 2000 (two thousand) key depressions in 15 (fifteen) minutes.

Note III: DEST will be required for all positions; however, it will be qualifying.

Note IV: It will be mandatory for candidates to pass all sections of Paper-I.

Note A: Paper-I will have three sections, each with two modules.


Module I:  Mathematical Skills

Module II: Reasoning and General Intelligence


Module I:  English Language and Comprehension

Module II: General Knowledge 

Section III

Module I: Computer Knowledge Examination

Module II: Data Entry Speed Evaluation

Note B: Candidates who qualify for scribe will be given an additional 20 minutes for a total of one hour.

Note C: Paper-I is required for all positions.

Note D: Except for English Comprehension, the questions will be set in both English and Hindi.

Note E: Paper-I will be held in two sessions on the same day, Session-I and Session-II. 

Section I, Section II, and Module-I of Section III will be conducted during Session-I. Module II of Section III will be conducted during Session II. 

As a result, Session I will last 2 hours and 15 minutes, while Session II will last only 15 minutes.

SSC CGL Tier-II Paper 2 Exam Pattern

Note I: Each incorrect answer is worth 0.50 points.

Note II: Paper II will only be for candidates who apply for Junior Statistical Officer (JSO) positions in the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation and are shortlisted in Tier-I.

SSC CGL Tier 2 Paper 3 Exam Pattern

Note I: Each incorrect answer is worth 0.50 points.

Note II: Only those candidates who were shortlisted in Tier-I for Paper-III, i.e. for the positions of Assistant Audit Officer/ Assistant Accounts Officer, will be eligible to take Paper-III.

Write the tier III exam

Tier III is extremely difficult for those who do not understand the nature of the exam. This exam necessitates both practice and knowledge. 

The exam lasts 60 minutes and is worth 100 points. The Tier III exam is taken offline. 

The offline paper-and-pencil exam also assesses a candidate’s ability to form opinions and arguments on specific topics. This could be accomplished through essays or letter writing.

Complete document verification and medical examination

Candidates must appear for the Document Verification round after passing all tiers of selection. They must have both the originals and photocopies of the following documents with them. Any candidate who does not have all of the required documents will be disqualified right away.

Qualify for the departmental exam for income tax officer

A Chief Commissioner of Income Tax or Commissioner of Income Tax chosen by the Chief Commissioner of Income Tax (Cadre Controlling) is in charge of making sure the Departmental Examination for Income Tax Inspectors goes well in that Region/Charge.

What Are The Duties Of An Income Tax Officer?

ITO positions require both fieldwork and desk work. The daily duty is determined by the income tax department where an ITO is filed.

An ITO’s main responsibility is to access tax returns and report any discrepancies in the returns filed by companies, individuals, and so on.

The country has a large number of income tax defaulters. It is an ITO’s responsibility to find those defaulters and bring them before the government so that they can pay the correct income tax after proving their exact income.

Necessary Skills For An Income Tax Officer

Some of the skills required to become an income tax officer in India are listed below.

  • Communication Skills: 

You will be required to communicate with accountants, businesses, lawyers, and colleagues as an Income Tax Officer. The most important aspect of this job is effective communication.

  • Numerical Ability: 

Income Tax Officers must evaluate the financial information of individuals, businesses, government agencies, and public officials.

  • Attention to Detail: 

In order to investigate, survey, rectify, and assess Income Tax, Income Tax Officers must pay close attention to detail.

  • Time Management: 

Income Tax Officers are frequently required to work extra hours at the end of the fiscal year. He or she is responsible for ensuring that the ITRs filed by assessors are accurate and that there is no fraud or asset concealment involved.

What Is The Salary Of An Income Tax Office?

An income tax officer’s starting salary ranges from ₹57000 to ₹66000. However, the salary of an income tax officer varies by city. 

In the Income Tax Department, for the Indian Revenue Service

Sl. No.CadrePay Scale
1Principal Chief Commissioner of Income TaxRs. 80,000 (fixed)
2Chief Commissioner of Income TaxRs. 75,500-80,000
3Principal Commissioner of Income TaxRs. 67,000-79,000
4Commissioner of Income TaxRs. 37,400-67,000 + grade pay of Rs. 10,000
5Additional/Joint Commissioner of Income TaxRs. 37,400-67,000 + grade pay of Rs. 8,700/ Rs. 15,600-39,100 + grade pay of Rs. 7,600
6Deputy Commissioner of Income TaxRs. 15,600-39,100 + grade pay of Rs. 6,600
7Assistant Commissioner of Income TaxRs. 15,600-39,100 + grade pay of Rs. 5,400
8Reserves (Group ‘A’)Rs. 15,600-39,100 + grade pay of Rs. 5,400

For Income Tax Department grades other than Indian Revenue Service

Sl. No.CadrePay Scale
1Income Tax OfficerRs. 9,300-34,800 + grade pay of Rs. 4,800/Rs. 5,400
2Posts in AO cadreRs. 15,600-39,100 + grade pay of Rs. 6,600/Rs. 9,300-34,800 + grade pay of Rs. 4,800/4,200
3Posts in PS cadreRs. 9,300-34,800 + grade pay of Rs. 4,800/4,200
4Inspector of Income TaxRs. 9,300-34,800 + grade pay of Rs. 4,600
5Executive AssistantsRs. 9,300-34,800 + grade pay of Rs. 4,200/
6TA/Steno III/DriverRs. 5,200-20,200 + grade pay Rs. 2,400
7Notice server/LDC/ DriverRs. 5,200-20,200 + grade pay of Rs. 1,900
8Group CRs. 5,200-20,200 + grade pay of Rs. 1,800
9Posts in EDP cadreRs. 15,600-39,100/Rs. 5,200-20,200
10Posts in OL cadreRs. 15,600-39,100/Rs. 9,300-34,800
11Other posts


What is the qualification for an income tax officer?

If you want to become an Income Tax Officer after 12th grade, you will need to get an undergraduate degree and then pass the SSC CGL exam or the UPSC exam for Indian Revenue Services.

Which degree is best for an income tax officer?

A bachelor’s degree in any field is required to meet the fundamental criteria for participation in the SSC CGL examination for the income tax department.

How do I get a job in income tax?

Aspirants must take the SSC CGL examination to become income tax inspector. 

For recruitment into various government departments, the Staff Selection Commission administers the combined graduate level (CGL) examination. 

The SSC CGL examination is also used to appoint income tax inspectors.

What is the in-hand salary of an income tax officer?

The salary of an Income Tax Inspector is determined by pay level 7. The pay scale ranges from ₹44900 to ₹142400.

Is an income tax officer a good job?

Working as an income tax officer involves both desk work and exciting fieldwork. A job as an income tax officer is regarded as prestigious and demanding. 

It promotes a healthy work-life balance. There is little allowance for overtime.

What is the monthly income of an income tax officer?

In India, the average monthly salary for an Income Tax Officer is ₹50,985.

Can we join income tax after the 12th?

If you want to become an Income Tax Officer after graduating from high school, you must first complete an undergraduate degree and then pass the SSC CGL or UPSC exam for Indian Revenue Services.

Is math compulsory for an income tax officer?

Math in 11th and 12th grade is not a prerequisite for becoming an Income Tax Officer. To become an Income Tax Officer in the Government of India, you simply need to pass the SSC CGL exam.

Which post is highest in the income tax department?

The highest income tax department is Principal Chief Commissioner of Income Tax.

How can I join the IT department?

  1. Obtain a bachelor’s degree.
  2. Meet the eligibility requirements.
  3. Apply for the SSC-CGL examination.
  4. Take the Tier I exam
  5. Take the tier II exam
  6. Take the Tier III exam 
  7. Verify all documents and undergo a medical examination
  8. Qualify for the income tax officer departmental exam

Can CA become an income tax officer?

After you have become a CA, you can work as an income tax officer in India. However, you must sit for the civil service exams known as UPSC. 

UPSC exams are divided into three stages: preliminary, main exam, and interview.

Do income tax officers have uniforms?

Uniforms are necessary for Excise Inspectors. Income Tax Inspectors are not required to wear uniforms.

How to Become a Chartered Accountant in India?

How to become a chartered accountant

In today’s world, when the commerce field is in high demand, chartered accountancy is one of the best career options. The CA program includes the necessary education in business, taxation, accounting, and auditing to succeed.

In this article, you’ll learn about the Chartered Accountancy job and, more importantly, how to get there.

What is Chartered Accountancy?

A Chartered Accountant is simply an accounting professional. Once receiving certification from a statutory body, they demonstrate that they are qualified to handle business accounting and taxation matters. 

Filing tax returns, auditing financial statements, keeping investment records, and reviewing and presenting financial statements are just a few examples. 

A Chartered Accountant is also qualified to provide clients with advisory services.

Why to become a CA?

Here’s why you need to consider the fact of becoming a Chartered Accountant: 

  • Chartered Accountancy provides numerous career paths and opportunities.

Qualifying as a CA unlocks a variety of career opportunities and paths for candidates. 

You can start your independent CA practice and explore areas such as taxation, auditing, management consultancy services, and so on. 

You, as a  CA can also work as partners in audit, tax, or consulting firms. You can also work in the finance/accounts/audit departments of large organizations/institutions or global firms, or even in the banking industry.

  • Chartered Accountants are among the highest-paid professionals.

Another reason to pursue a career as a Chartered Accountant is that they are among the highest-paid professionals in the country.

Starting salaries for CAs are typically higher than those for fresh graduates in other fields. 

Fresher CAs can expect to earn around Rs. 6 lakh per year. Experienced Chartered Accountants earn significantly more.

  • The CA program prepares students in a variety of areas.

The curriculum to become a Chartered Accountant supports applicants in gaining a good grasp of business, superior knowledge of courses connected to finance, and technical abilities.

CAs’ that receive training of this kind will have an easier time adjusting to new industries and finding jobs in such industries. The CA program offers a strong base for people with an entrepreneurial spirit who want to start their own company and equips them with the tools necessary to do so.

  • Chartered Accountancy is a well-paid and secure profession.

Chartered Accountancy has always been in high demand in the country.

Regardless of size, almost all businesses require CAs to handle accounting, finance, and auditing tasks. 

There is always a high demand for a CA’s skills and knowledge. As a result, chartered accounting is one of the most stable and secure professions.

  • Pursue additional professional certifications and qualifications, and relocate abroad.

After completing CA, candidates interested in settling abroad can pursue internationally recognized certifications and professional qualifications to build an exciting and rewarding global career.

Some popular globally recognized professional certifications/qualifications include Chartered Financial Analysis, ACCA Chartered Certified Accountant program, IIA Certified Internal Auditor (CIA) course, Chartered Institute of Management Accountants (CIMA) qualification, and so on.

Types of CA

There are broadly two types of CAs: 

  • Public Chartered Accountants: 

These are companies that issue certificates to other organizations. Ideally, certificates issued by public CAs are validated more and carry higher levels of trust. 

The company starts off by carrying out some basic inspections, such as validating the domain. The Public CA will then give a certificate to the requester, using their private key, and will also attach a public key for the requester to utilize.

When a connection is established, the certificate is verified with the Public CA by establishing whether the requester is the valid holder of the certificate. This is done by comparing the requester’s information to the Public CA’s database of legitimate certificate holders.

A connection using asymmetric encryption is formed when the public key has been proven to be legitimate.

  • Private Chartered Accountants: 

A private CA is a local CA created by an organization for internal use only. 

The Private Root Certificate Authority of the organization’s private key is used to sign the certificates. In order to set up a private internal PKI network for the purpose of issuing certificates within the business, private certification authorities (CAs) are utilized.

Users can use them for virtual private networks (VPNs) and secure email, and servers can use them to encrypt data stored in databases. They can also be used to run devices and appliances within the business.

Chartered Accountant roles and responsibilities

The specifics of your role as a chartered accountant will vary depending on your area of specialization and the industry in which you work. Day-to-day responsibilities, on the other hand, should generally include

  1. Budget management
  2. Conducting financial audits
  3. Offering financial advice
  4. Contacting clients, individuals, and businesses
  5. Risk assessment and tax planning
  6. Keeping accounting records and preparing financial reports
  7. advising clients on areas for financial growth
  8. Managing junior employees
  9. Communication with auditors (internal or external)
  10. Following the audits, producing reports and recommendations
  11. Creating financial statements as well as monthly and annual reports
  12. Contract negotiations with suppliers
  13. Invoicing

What qualifications do you need to be a CA

The CA course is divided into three levels. To become a certified CA, you must complete all three levels. The following are the eligibility criteria for the various levels:

Level 1: Foundation

The CA foundation course, also known as the common proficiency test, is the first level. The course lasts four months, and the minimum eligibility requirement is 10+2 in any stream. After finishing the course, you must pass the CA foundation exam.

Level 2: Intermediate

The intermediate course lasts three years and is the second level. This course requires graduation with 55% aggregate marks in commerce or 60% aggregate marks in non-commerce subjects or qualifications at the first level. There are two groups of CA intermediate exams, and you must pass both.

Level 3: Final

The third level is the CA final course, which lasts two years. To be eligible for this course, you must have passed level 2 and completed two and a half years of articleship. To become a CA, you must pass the CA final exam after completing the course and articleship. In India, chartered accountants are regulated by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI). After completing the three-level course, the ICAI administers CA exams and certifies the candidate as a qualified chartered accountant.

Eligibility Criteria to become a Chartered Account

  1. To register for the CA program, you must pass the Senior Secondary Examination (10+2) or be waiting for the results of the 10+2 exam.
  2. The minimum eligibility criteria for enrolling in the CA course is 10+, but you can enroll after graduation as well.
  3. Everyone who is waiting for their 10+2 results can apply for the Chartered Accountant Exam.
  4. There are no age or mark requirements for appearing in the CA Entrance Exam Papers.

Students must demonstrate their eligibility to the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI). In general, there are two ways for students to enroll in CA programs in India.

  • Foundation Route: The Foundation Course is the prerequisite for the Chartered Accountancy Course. 

Students who have passed the class Xth examination conducted by an examining body established by law in India or an examination recognized by the Central Government as equivalent can enroll in the Foundation Course.

  • Direct Entry Route: The Direct Entry Route allows students to enter the Chartered Accountancy program without having to take the CA Foundation entrance exam. 

Since August 1, 2012, the ICAI has used the CA Direct Entry Scheme, which allows students to enroll directly in the CA Intermediate Course.

Skills required to become a Chartered Accountant

Here are the skills required to become a Chartered Accountant: 

  • Discipline, Diligence, and Perseverance

The syllabus is extensive and at times overwhelming. There will be a lot of midnight oil to burn, and social life may come to a halt. The exams are said to be difficult, with very low passing rates. 

Furthermore, article ships are notorious for being 12-14 hour jobs with pitiful pay. This means you’ll need patience and perseverance to get through the coursework, exams, and articleship work. Hard work will be the norm for the day.

In short, the candidate must be willing to make sacrifices, maintain focus, and manage his or her work and studies effectively.

  • Communication Skills 

A CA candidate will be dealing with clients from various industries and providing specialized services based on their specific needs. So, CA students must develop strong communication skills.

  • Understanding of Concepts

Many students attempt to try to fit in, in order to become CAs. However, only the conceptually sound will truly advance in the industry. You must understand the concepts rather than simply memorize methodologies for this.

  • Analytical Skills

Analytical skill sets are required for CA students. They gain professional qualifications and develop analytical skills while working on practical examples during their articleship.

  • Acceptance of Failure

Despite your best efforts, there is a chance that you will fail the exams due to a variety of factors. So, you must be willing to accept failure as a part of the course and to prepare for the next attempt.

Step-by-Step Process to become a Chartered Account in India

After the 12th grade: Foundation course route

Following the completion of your 12th grade, you will be required to pass a series of tests. Check the following exams in the order listed below.

  1. CA Foundation course was previously known as Common Proficiency Test (CPT)
  2. Integrated Course on Information Technology and Soft skills (ICITSS)
  3. CA Intermediate (previously known as IPCC or Integrated Professional Competence Course)
  4. Articleship (3-year training)
  5. Advanced Integrated Course on Information Technology and Soft Skills (AICITSS)
  6. FC (Final course)

You must go through all of the above-mentioned courses and exams in order.

This is how you must proceed.

  1. After finishing your 12th grade, enroll in the CA foundation course.
  2. Complete the four-month study period and take the CA Foundation Exam.
  3. Enroll in the CA Intermediate Course after passing the CA Foundation Exam.
  4. Complete a 4-week Integrated Course on Information Technology and Soft Skills prior to your articleship (ICITSS).
  5. Complete the CA Intermediate 8-month study course and sit for the exam. There will be two sets of exams, and you must pass at least one of them before continuing.
  6. After passing any group of CA Intermediate exams and completing ICITSS, you can begin your three-year articleship.
  7. Complete the remaining CA Intermediate Exam groups (if any).
  8. Register for the CA final course.
  9. In the last two years of your articleship and before taking the final exam, complete a 4-week Advanced Integrated Course on Information Technology and Soft Skills (AICITSS).
  10. Attend the final examination after completing your articleship or within the last 6 months of it.
  11. If you decide to take the final exam during your articleship, finish your article training.
  12. Pass the CA Final Exam.
  13. After passing the exam, join the ICAI to be designated as a “Chartered Accountant.”

After Graduation or Post-Graduation: Direct Entry Route

You can only pursue this route if you have a minimum aggregate of 55% in your commerce graduation/post-graduation or a minimum of 60% if you are not a commerce graduate/postgraduate.

If you are eligible to pursue this path, the procedure that you must follow is outlined below.

  1. Enroll in the CA Intermediate Program.
  2. Complete 4 weeks of integrated information technology and soft skills courses prior to your articleship (ICITSS).
  3. Apply for a three-year articleship or practical training.
  4. Attend the CA Intermediate Examination after 9 months of practical training.
  5. CA Intermediate Examination is divided into two groups; pass both.
  6. Sign up for the CA Final Course.
  7. Complete 4 weeks of Advanced Integrated Course on Information Technology and Soft Skills in the last two years of your articleship prior to taking the final exam (AICITSS).
  8. Attend the final exam after completing your articleship or within the last six months of it.
  9. Finish your three-year training.
  10. Pass the CA Final Exam.
  11. After passing the exam, join the ICAI to be designated as a “Chartered Accountant.”

Steps to become a CA in India: 

Step 1: Register for the CA Foundation Course. —> Complete the CA Foundation Course.

Step 2: Sign up for The Intermediate Course 2022.

Step 3: Apply for Articleship

Step 4: Register for the CA Final 2022.

STEP 1:  CA Foundation Course

To register for the CA Foundation course, you must first determine your eligibility, which is defined as a 12th-standard qualification in any stream with a minimum aggregate of 33%.

If you qualify, you can fill out an online form on the ICAI’s official website to obtain a registration number, user id, and password.

After registering, you have four months to prepare for the foundation exam, which is held twice a year—once in May and once in November—for which CA Foundation exam forms are filled out in December and June, respectively, to obtain an admit card, which is required for appearing in the exam or entering the examination center.

The applicant must pay a total fee of INR 11300, which includes registration fees, online form fees, examination fees, and journals for members and students.

STEP 2: The Intermediate Level

The intermediate level can be obtained directly after graduation or post-graduation, as well as bypassing the CA Foundation level if you began your journey to become a Chartered Accountant after the 12th grade.

You can register for the Intermediate exam in March and September and take the exam in November and May, giving you 9 months to prepare. You can register for the CA Intermediate exam form online by filling out an application form and downloading the Admit card.

STEP 3: Articleship And Finals

This is the final phase, which includes both practical experience and theoretical exams.

Articleship: Any aspirant who has passed either of the two intermediate groups is eligible to be registered for Articleship, and practical training can begin as soon as both groups are passed.

You begin earning a stipend during your three years of mandatory training or Articleship and can register for the Final level in the last six months of practical training by filling out the CA Final exam form online.

Although there is no deadline for registering for the CA final course, registration is required in order to sit for the final exams, which are held in May and November.

The total fee for both groups of CA final is INR 32300 (22000+3300+7000), which includes registration fees, examination fees, and GMCS fees.

The final course is divided into two groups of four subjects each, with 100 points assigned to each subject. To qualify for the exams, you must have a total of 50% or 40% in all subjects.

CA Course Details

Foundation Course

  1. Principles and Practices of Accounting
  2. Business Laws
  3. Business Correspondence and Reporting
  4. Business Mathematics Logical Reasoning and Statistics
  5. Business Economics
  6. Business and Commercial Knowledge

Intermediate Course

  1. Accounting
  2. Part I: Company Law
  3. Part II: Other laws
  4. Cost and Management Accounting
  5. Income tax law
  6. Indirect taxes
  7. Advanced Accounting
  8. Auditing and Assurance
  9. Enterprise Information Systems
  10. Strategic Management
  11. Financial Management
  12. Economics for Finance

Final Course

  1. Financial Reporting
  2. Strategic Financial Management
  3. Advanced Auditing and Professional Ethics
  4. Corporate & Economics Law

Part I: Corporate Laws     Part II: Economic Laws

  1. Strategic Cost Management and Performance Evaluation
  2. Direct Tax Laws and International Taxation

Part I: Direct Tax Laws   Part II: International Taxation

  1. Indirect Tax Laws

Part I: Goods and Services Tax    Part II: Customs and FTP

Entrance Exam for CA

The CPT (Common Proficiency Test) is the entrance exam that a candidate must take as an entry-level route to the Chartered Accountancy stream, and it is required of every intending candidate before enrolling in the professional state.

The CPT examination is held twice a year, in June and December.

It consists of four subjects: Accounting, Commercial Law, General Economics, and Quantitative aptitude. This exam is worth 200 points. It is divided into two two-hour sessions. 

CPT is a type of objective test with negative markings.

List of CA Entrance Exams 2022

  1. CA CPT 2023 – Chartered Accountant Common Proficiency Test
  1. CS Foundation Exam 2023 – Company Secretary Foundation Exam

Top Colleges to become a CA

The top colleges to become a CA are listed below: 

  1. The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI), Noida
  2. Indian Institute of Finance and Accounts, Pune
  3. Pearn Accountants, International Accountants, and Business Consultants, Kochi
  4. Zell Education Mumbai
  5. Vista Academy, Dehradun
  6. ETEN CA, Guwahati
  7. PIRON School of Business and Finance, Mumbai
  8. Siddhartha Academy, Thane
  9. Navkar Institute, Ahmedabad
  10. CMS For CA, Hyderabad
  11. PIRON School of Business and Finance, Bangalore
  12. International School of Financial Studies, Secunderabad

Salary of a CA in India

Salaries for Freshers 

CA Final Passed In Several AttemptsPassed in Single AttemptCA Final Toppers
INR 6-9 Lakhs11-15 Lakhs INRINR 16 – 25 Lakhs

Salaries based on CA Skills

CA SkillsAvg.Salary p.a.
Budget management10 Lakhs
Strategic accounts9 Lakhs
Evaluation and management auditing8.5 Lakhs
Financial analysis8.5 Lakhs
Financial Advisor8.5 Lakhs
SAP financial accounting and controlling8.5 Lakhs
Financial reporting8-.5 Lakhs
Auditing7.5 Lakhs
Account management7.5 Lakhs
Internal audit7 Lakhs
Accounting7 Lakhs
Tax consulting7 Lakhs
Tax compliance7 Lakhs

Salaries based on Years of Experience

Years of experienceAvg. CA Salary per annum
0-5 years6-9 lakhs
5-10 years12-15 lakhs
10-20 years20-22 lakhs
Above 20 years60-70 lakhs

Highest Paying Companies to CA in India

Highest Paying Companies to CAAverage Salary of CA ( Per Annum )
Reliance IndustriesRs. 25 Lakhs
DeloitteRs. 15-36 Lakhs
Hindustan Unilever LtdRs. 16-30 Lakhs
KPMGRs. 13-32 Lakhs
Aditya Birla Sun LifeRs. 13-25 Lakhs
ICICI BankRs. 12-27 Lakhs
ITCRs. 14-25 Lakhs
TATA CompanyRs. 14-22 Lakhs
Bharti AirtelRs. 11-22 Lakhs
SBI BankRs. 7-17 Lakhs

Salaries based on Job Profile

Jobs profileCA Salary per annum (Avg)
Account executive20 Lakhs
Finance controller14-16 Lakhs
Accountant14 Lakhs
Finance Manager10-12 Lakhs
Financial analyst06-07 Lakhs
Assistant Account Manager05 Lakhs
Senior Account Executive04 Lakhs
Business Analyst4-7 Lakhs
Account Assistant3-5 Lakhs

Salaries based on  Locations 

CA Salary in India based on CityAverage Package of CA in India (Per Annum)
Gurgaon10-12 Lakhs
Chennai10 Lakhs
CA Salary in Mumbai12 Lakhs
Delhi08 Lakhs
Punjab6-7 Lakhs
Guwahati06 Lakhs
Pune7-8 Lakhs
Jaipur06 lakh
Ahmedabad5-6 Lakhs

Pros and cons 


  1. Chartered Accountancy does not require any special qualifications or educational background. Students from any group can apply for this course. 
  1.  The minimum qualification is a 10th pass or, at most, a 12th pass with any group. 
  1. It has no age restrictions.
  2. CA not only improves your educational knowledge but also your patience, perseverance, and dedication.
  1. When you are a chartered accountant, you are your own boss, which gives you immense confidence.
  1.  CA provides you with the best job and salary packages.


  1. Exhaustive course curriculum.
  1. Little time to develop other skills.
  1. There is a lot of competition.
  1. It is not easy to build a client base.
  1. Long monotonous working hours
  1. Difficulty in building recognition in the Market. 


  1. The meaning of Chartered Accountancy
  2. The reason why you should become a chartered accountant
  3. The types of CA
  4. Chartered Accountant roles and responsibility
  5. The qualifications you need to be a CA
  6. The eligibility criteria to become a Chartered Account
  7. The skills required to become a Chartered Accountant
  8. Step-by-Step Process to become a Chartered Account in India
  9. CA Course Details
  10. Entrance Exam for CA
  11. Top Colleges to become a CA
  12. Salary of a CA in India
  13. Pros and Cons 


How long does it take to become a Chartered Accountant?

To become an ICAEW Chartered Accountant, you must first complete the ACA, a highly regarded professional qualification of at least three years of on-the-job training as well as passing a series of exams. 

Can I become CA in 2 years?

The minimum time required to pursue CA after graduation is three years, as you can take IPCC exams after nine months of registration, after which you must complete 2.5-3 years of Articleship to become a Chartered Accountant.

What is a CA salary?

Chartered Accountant salaries in India range from 2.5 Lakhs to 15.0 Lakhs per year, with an average annual salary of 7.0 Lakhs.

Can I do CA after the 12th?

You must have a minimum of a 12th grade and 4.5 to 5 years of experience to complete your CA course.

Is becoming a CA difficult?

From CA Foundation to CA Final, every step is a challenge. The CA course is difficult because of its extensive syllabus, in-depth knowledge of each subject, duration, and, of course, some facepalm moments that every CA student must endure while completing this course.

What should I study for CA?

Accounts, Law, Finance, and Economics are the subjects that you have to learn to study CA. 

Is there any age limit for CA?

There is no age limit to apply for the CA foundation.

What is the main subject for CA?

Accountancy is the main subject for CA.

Is CA a government job?

 It is neither a government job nor a private job.

Who earns more doctors or CA?

When compared to a doctor, a skilled CA will earn more money at a younger age with less effort. This is because the majority of CA’s work revolves around money.

Which job has the highest salary?

The top 10 highest-salary jobs are: 

  • Software Architect
  • Solutions Architect
  • Commercial Pilot
  • Management Consultant
  • General Surgeon
  • Data Scientist
  • Data Engineer
  • Chartered Accountant
  • Investment Analyst
  • Corporate Lawyer

How much does CA earn after 5 years?

A Chartered Accountant in their mid-career with 4-9 years of experience earns an annual salary of 9 lakhs.

Is math compulsory for CA?

No, CA is one of the most popular career options in Commerce without Math. 

How to become a Psychologist?

How to become a psychologist

Surveys say that 56 million of the Indian population suffer different kinds of depression and substance abuse, and 38 million suffer other anxieties, phobias, and serious mental health issues.

So, Psychologists play an important role in helping with these widespread issues. Psychologists are non-medical doctors with a Ph.D. in studying the human mind and behavior. 

Psychologists help people in overcoming irrational worries and anxieties, mending strained relationships with loved ones and at the workplace, and improving their quality of life generally.

Read this article to understand a psychologist’s career as a whole and find out how to become a psychologist yourself.

What is Psychology?

Psychology is the study of conscious and unconscious phenomena such as emotions and thoughts. It is the scientific study of the human mind and behavior.

The field of Psychology is indeed very big, and once you complete your education and become a Psychologist, your actual roles and responsibilities will depend on the specialty you choose. 

What Does a Psychologist Do?

Psychologists work in a variety of situations. They counsel or conduct research, provide psychotherapy, administer personality tests, and teach at colleges and universities. 

Clinical psychologists are trained to help patients in overcoming the challenges that stand in the way of them leading better and more fulfilling lives. They put every effort into enhancing the mental wellness of their clients.

It does have an Interesting Sound to it, doesn’t it? To put it simply, it is a remarkable career. As a result, we are going to provide a step-by-step guide that explains how to become a psychologist.

Step 1: Obtain a Bachelor’s Degree

Psychologists frequently begin their careers with a bachelor’s degree in Psychology. General Psychology, Experimental Psychology, Developmental Psychology, and Statistics are all mandatory courses that you need to study to pursue your career in the field of Psychology. 

Step 2: Gain Some Professional Experience

Help a professor with his/her research project if you’re interested in Experimental Psychology. If you are interested in Developmental Psychology, you should work with handicapped children. 

Volunteer at a mental health clinic if you’re interested in Clinical or Counseling Psychology.

If you gain practical experience while studying, you are more likely to find work soon after graduation.

Step 3: Pursue A Specialised Course

There are numerous specializations in Psychology that you can pursue as a career. Namely:

  • Clinical Psychology, 
  • Cognitive Psychology, 
  • Development Psychology, 
  • Counseling Psychology, 
  • Educational Psychology, 
  • Forensic Psychology, and 
  • Social Psychology. 

Learn about the different programs to find the best Psychology professional degree for you.

Step 4: Pursue a Doctorate Degree

A doctorate is required for most fields of Psychology. Graduate schools in Psychology look for a competitive GRE score of 1200 or higher, a GPA of 3.3 or higher, and volunteer or paid experience in the field.

Step 5: Do Internships

Writing, teamwork, organization, accountability, and problem-solving are just a few of the skills you’ll learn during your Psychology internship. Because there are so many paths in Psychology to consider and understand, internship opportunities will help you foster extensive exploration of the field.

Step 6: Get Certified

Certification in Psychology is necessary to demonstrate specialization. Psychology, like other healthcare disciplines, has seen an increase in specialization, and certification can validate that you have the necessary training and knowledge to treat specific populations or work in a specific branch of the field.

Skills Required to Become a Psychologist

Here are a few skills required to become a Psychologist:

  • Emotional Stability

The best Psychologists have emotional control and deep, ingrained emotional stability. Every day, you may hear upsetting stories. 

Suicidal thoughts, disturbing thoughts, and other potentially frightening scenarios can be triggered by certain psychological disorders. 

  • Communication

Communication is important in every field, but it’s especially important in Psychology. In fact, it’s the main thing a Psychologist does. 

Psychology is the scientific study of how people act and what makes people more likely to act in a certain way. There are varied clients with varied problems, and it’s important to know how to talk to them in order to get information. 

This skill is also important for showing how you feel and how to put what you’ve seen into practice.

  • Patience

Even if you have a Bachelor of Science in Psychology, there are some things that a degree cannot teach you. Patience is one of them. 

As you might expect, dealing with patients in this field can be particularly challenging because their behavior deviates from what we consider “normal.” 

As a result, it is crucial to be patient with these clients while remaining motivated.

  • Research 

When it comes to the actual profession, nothing is done that hasn’t been supported by research and practice. 

This is important because trials and data are needed to fully understand whether something is good for patients or not. If what you’re trying to do hasn’t been proven by a study, it could be dangerous for the patient and hurt your reputation. 

You will also have to read scientific journals and do your own research to get better at what you do.

  • Ethics

If you work in any profession that requires you to care for people in any capacity, ethics is critical. 

Ethics guides professional humanistic practice, whether it is treating all patients equally, informing them of their rights, or simply being honest with them.

  • Compassion

Psychologists must have a strong sense of compassion in their character. Being empathetic can help you establish better communication and relationships.

  • Listening 

Particularly in the context of counseling and the development of therapeutic interventions for clients in your care, the ability to listen, and more specifically to listen actively, is crucial. 

  • Commitment to Learning

Any field that is directly related to caring for others is always changing. New studies are published, research trials are carried out, and new information is made available to the public. 

If you want to work in this field, you must be willing to commit to learning for the rest of your life. 

Top Colleges in India to Become a Psychologist

The Top Colleges in India to Become a Psychologist are:

  • Lady Shri Ram College
  • St. Xavier’s College
  • Christ University
  • Fergusson College
  • K. J Somaiya College of Arts and Commerce
  • Jai Hind College
  • Kamla Nehru College for Women
  • Kishinchand Chellaram College
  • Indraprastha College for Women
  • Mithibai College

Best Psychology Colleges in India after 12th

  • AIIMS Delhi
  • Jamia Millia Islamia
  • Lovely Professional University
  • Christ University
  • Banaras Hindu University
  • Chandigarh University
  • University of Hyderabad
  • Aligarh Muslim University
  • Manipal University

 Best BSc Psychology Colleges in India

  • Amity University, Noida
  • Assam Down Town University, Guwahati
  • Kishinchand Chellaram College of Arts, Commerce, and Science, Mumbai
  • St.Xaviers College Kolkata
  • Kirori Mal College, New Delhi
  • Queen Mary’s College, Chennai
  • Christ University, Bangalore
  • Lady Shri Ram College for Women, New Delhi
  • Presidency College, Chennai 
  • Jesus and Mary College, New Delhi

Best Colleges for MA Psychology

  • Lady Shri Ram College
  • St. Xaviers College
  • Chandigarh University
  • Jain University
  • Symbiosis College
  • Mithibai College of Arts
  • Ranchi University
  • LD Arts College Ahmedabad
  • University of Lucknow
  • Amity University

Career Opportunities and Salary

Highest paying Jobs in IndiaSalary per Annum
Psychiatrist₹975,328 per year
Industrial/Organizational Psychologist₹4,25,000 per year
Neuro Psychologist₹496,647 per year
School Counselor/Psychologist₹3,02,012 per year
Clinical Psychologist₹355,326 per year
Forensic Psychologist₹5,65,000 per year
Counseling Psychologist₹362,758 per year
Sports Psychologist₹589,581 per year
Education Psychologist₹10,65,343 per year
Child Psychologist₹480,000 per year

Top Universities Abroad to Become a Psychologist (BONUS)

World RankName of the UniversityCountry
1Harvard UniversityUSA
2Stanford UniversityUSA
3University of CambridgeUK
4University of Oxford (OU)UK
5University of California – Berkeley Campus (UC Berkeley)USA
6University of California – Los Angeles Campus (UCLA)USA
7University College London (UCL)UK
8Yale UniversityUSA
9Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)USA
10University of Michigan (U-M)USA


How many years does it take to become a Psychologist?

In most cases, becoming a certified Psychologist can take as few as 8 years or as lengthy as 12 years.

How long does it take to become a Psychologist after 12?

BA Psychology – 3 years

BA (Hons) Psychology – 3 years

B.Sc Psychology – 3 years

B.Sc (Hons) Psychology – 3 years

Dual Degree –  BA & MA Clinical Psychology Integrated – 4.5 years

Diploma – 2 years

Is it hard to become a Psychologist?

It is not as difficult as you may believe to become a Psychologist. It’s a lot of work, and you have to be passionate about the field, but it’s an achievable goal.

Is Psychology a good career?

A degree in Psychology can provide doors to both creative and analytical fields of work, depending on the individual student’s goals and aspirations.

Healthcare, education, mental health assistance, social work, therapy, counseling, and a host of other choices abound, both publicly and privately.

How do I start a career in Psychology?

Step 1: Earn a Bachelor’s Degree.

Step 2: Acquire Some Professional Experience.

Step 3: Enroll in a Specialized Course…

Step 4: Earn a doctorate degree.

Step 5: Perform Internships.

Step 6: Obtain Certification.

What is the fastest way to become a Psychologist?

A master’s degree in counseling, marriage and family therapy, pastoral counseling, or a related field is all that is required.

Which degree is best for Psychology?

A bachelor’s degree is the most direct route to a variety of Psychology careers.

What subjects do I need for Psychology?

There are no prerequisites, but Life Science or Biology will be advantageous because Psychology focuses on the human brain and sensory systems.

Can I study Psychology without Maths?

You certainly can! But, Statistics, in particular, is an essential component of any Psychology course.

What is the hardest field of Psychology?

ParaPsychology, by definition, is more ambiguous than “traditional” mental health practices. 

Non Quantifiable phenomena such as telepathy, telekinesis, extrasensory perception, and mind reading are studied in ParaPsychology.

What is the difference between a Psychologist and a Therapist?

Psychologists can conduct research, which is a significant academic and clinical contribution to the profession.

A therapist is a broad term for professionals who are trained and often licensed to provide a variety of treatments and rehabilitation to people.

Is Psychology a stressful career?

Every Psychologist is vulnerable to occupational stress due to the nature of their work. Certain issues are easier to deal with for some people, while others find them more difficult.